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Almanac - Tuesday 10/22/19

Pretzel, by flickr user Kathryn

It's Tuesday, October 22, 2019...

It is the 295th day of the year.

70 days remain until the end of the year.

61 days until winter begins

14 days until SF city elections Tuesday November 5, 2019

133 days until primaries

on Tuesday March 3, 2020

(4 months and 10 days from today)

378 days until presidential elections

on Tuesday November 3, 2020

(1 year and 12 days from today)

The sun rises at 7:26 am 

and sunset will be at 6:22 pm.

Today we will have 10 hours and 56 minutes of daylight.

The solar transit will be at 12:54 pm.

The first low tide was at 12:35 am 

and the next low tide will be at 1:14 pm.

The first high tide will be at 8:13 am 

and the final high tide at the Golden Gate rolls in at 6:52 pm.

The Moon is currently 39.4% visible; a Waning Crescent

Moon Direction: 97.02° E↑

Moon Altitude: 41.45°

Moon Distance: 230712 mi

Next New Moon: Sunday October 27, 2019, which is also Diwali, at 8:38 pm

Next Full Moon: Nov 12, 2019 at 5:34 am

Next Moonset: Today 3:27 pm

Today is…

International Stuttering Awareness Day

Clean Up the Earth Day

Eat a Pretzel Day


National Color Day

National Knee Day

National Nut Day

Simchat Torah

Smart is Cool Day

Today is also…

Jidai Matsuri (Kyoto, Japan)

794 – Emperor Kanmu relocates the Japanese capital to Heian-kyō (now Kyoto).

National Santri Day (Indonesia)

If today is your birthday, Happy Birthday To You!  You share this day with…

1811 – Franz Liszt, Hungarian pianist and composer (d. 1886)

1844 – Sarah Bernhardt, French actress and manager (d. 1923)

1882 – N. C. Wyeth, American painter and illustrator (d. 1945)

1887 – John Reed, American journalist and poet (d. 1920)

1903 – Curly Howard, American comedian and vaudevillian (d. 1952)

1913 – Bảo Đại, Vietnamese emperor (d. 1997)

1915 – Yitzhak Shamir, Belarusian-Israeli civil servant and politician, 7th Prime Minister of Israel (d. 2012)

1917 – Joan Fontaine, British-American actress (d. 2013)

1919 – Doris Lessing, British novelist, poet, playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2013)

1920 – Timothy Leary, American psychologist and author (d. 1996)

1928 – Clare Fischer, American pianist, composer and arranger (d. 2012)

1929 – Dory Previn, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2012)

1939 – Tony Roberts, American actor and singer

1941 – Charles Keating, English-American actor (d. 2014)

1942 – Annette Funicello, American actress and singer (d. 2013)

1943 – Catherine Deneuve, French actress and singer

1945 – Leslie West, American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1946 – Deepak Chopra, Indian-American physician and author

1949 – Stiv Bators, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (d. 1990)

1965 – John Wesley Harding, English singer-songwriter and guitarist

1968 – Shelby Lynne, American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1968 – Shaggy, Jamaican singer-songwriter and DJ

1969 – Spike Jonze, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter

…and on this day in history…

1746 – The College of New Jersey (later renamed Princeton University) receives its charter.

1879 – Using a filament of carbonized thread, Thomas Edison tests the first practical electric incandescent light bulb (it lasts 13½ hours before burning out).

1883 – The Metropolitan Opera House in New York City opens with a performance of Gounod's Faust.

1884 – The International Meridian Conference designates the Royal Observatory, Greenwich as the world's prime meridian.

1964 – Jean-Paul Sartre is awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, but turns down the honor.

1966 – The Supremes become the first all-female music group to attain a No. 1 selling album (The Supremes A' Go-Go).

1976 – Red Dye No. 4 is banned by the US Food and Drug Administration after it is discovered that it causes tumors in the bladders of dogs.

1981 – The United States Federal Labor Relations Authority votes to decertify the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization (PATCO) for its strike the previous August.

2001 – Grand Theft Auto III is released, popularizing a genre of open-world, action-adventure video games, as well as spurring controversy around violence in video games.

2008 – India launches its first unmanned lunar mission Chandrayaan-1.

2013 – The Australian Capital Territory becomes the first Australian jurisdiction to legalize same-sex marriage with the Marriage Equality (Same Sex) Act 2013

2019 – Same-sex marriage is legalised, and abortion is decriminalised in Northern Ireland as a result of the Northern Ireland Assembly not being restored.