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Arts & Culture

Almanac - Friday 4/12/19


Happy 79th Birthday to jazz great Herbie Hancock!

Today is Friday, April 12, 2019, the 102nd day of the year,  and a mere 571 days until the next presidential election.  

  • Sunrise: 6:39am     
  • Sunset: 7:43pm ...giving us 13 hours and 4 minutes of daylight.  38% of the waxing crescent moon visible, rising at 12:15pm.    

Tides at the Golden Gate           

  • High: 5:00am/7:53pm     
  • Low: 12:04pm

Special celebrations & commemorations today…

  • Cosmonaut's Day - Russia
  • National Redemption Day - Liberia
  • International Day of Human Space Flight
  • International Day for Street Children
  • American Immigration Lawyers Association Day of Action
  • National Day of Silence
  • National Donate Life (Blue and Green) Day
  • National Day of Silence
  • National Licorice Day
  • National Teach Children to Save Day
  • Walk on Your Wild Side Day
  • Grilled Cheese Sandwich Day
  • Feast of St. Zeno of Verona, patron of fishermen
  • Corn Festival - Cochumatan Indians, Guatemala

On this day in…

1096 - Peter the Hermit gathered his army in Cologne.

1204 - The Fourth Crusade sacked Constantinople.

1606 - England adopted the original Union Jack as its flag.

1770 - The British Parliament repealed the Townsend Acts.

1782 - The British navy won its only naval engagement against the colonists in the American Revolution at the Battle of Saints, off Dominica.

1799 - Phineas Pratt patented the comb cutting machine.

1811 - The first colonists arrived at Cape Disappointment, Washington.

1833 - Charles Gaylor patented the fireproof safe.

1861 - Fort Sumter was shelled by Confederacy, starting America's Civil War.

1864 - Confederate Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest captured Fort Pillow, in Tennessee and slaughters the black Union troops there.

1877 - A catcher's mask was used in a baseball game for the first time by James Alexander Tyng.

1892 - Voters in Lockport, New York, became the first in the U.S. to use voting machines.

1905 - The Hippodrome opened in New York City.

1911 - Pierre Prier completed the first non-stop London-Paris flight in three hours and 56 minutes.

1916 - American cavalrymen and Mexican bandit troops clashed at Parrel, Mexico.

1927 - The British Cabinet came out in favor of women voting rights.

1938 - The first U.S. law requiring a medical test for a marriage license was enacted in New York.

1944 - The U.S. Twentieth Air Force was activated to begin the strategic bombing of Japan.

1945 - In New York, the organization of the first eye bank, the Eye Bank for Sight Restoration, was announced.

1945 - U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt died in Warm Spring, GA. He died of a cerebral hemorrhage at the age of 63. Harry S Truman became president.

1955 - The University of Michigan Polio Vaccine Evaluation Center announced that the polio vaccine of Dr. Jonas Salk was "safe, effective and potent."

1961 - Soviet Yuri Alexeyevich Gagarin became first man to orbit the Earth.

1963 - Police used dogs and cattle prods on peaceful civil rights demonstrators in Birmingham, AL.

1969 - Lucy and Snoopy of the comic strip "Peanuts" made the cover of "Saturday Review."

1981 - The space shuttle Columbia blasted off from Cape Canaveral, FL, on its first test flight.

1982 - The British Navy began enforcing a blockade around the Falkland Islands.

1983 - Harold Washington was elected the first black mayor of Chicago.

1984 - Astronauts aboard the space shuttle Challenger made the first satellite repair in orbit by returning the Solar Max satellite to space.

1984 - Israeli troops stormed a bus that had been hijacked the previous evening by four Arab terrorists. All the passengers were rescued and 2 of the hijackers were killed.

1985 - U.S. Senator Jake Garn of Utah became the first senator to fly in space as the shuttle Discovery lifted off from Cape Canaveral, FL.

1985 - In Spain, an explosion in a restaurant near a U.S. base killed 17 people.

1985 - Federal inspectors declared that four animals of the Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus were not unicorns. They were goats with horns that had been surgically implanted.

1987 - Texaco filed Chapter 11 bankruptcy after it failed to settle a legal dispute with Pennzoil Co.

1988 - Harvard University won a patent for a genetically altered mouse. It was the first patent for a life form.

1988 - The Chinese government named a new array of younger leaders to ensure economic reform.

1989 - In the U.S.S.R, ration cards were issued for the first time since World War II. The ration was prompted by a sugar shortage.

1992 - Disneyland Paris opened in Marne-La-Vallee, France.

1993 - NATO began enforcing a no-fly zone over Bosnia and Herzegovina.

2000 - More than 1,500 anti-drug agents raided four cities in Colombia and arrested 46 members of the "most powerful" heroin ring.

2002 - It was announced that the South African version of "Sesame Street" would be introducing a character that was HIV-positive.

Today’s birthday celebrants include (or included)...

  • Henry Clay 1777 - "The Great Pacificator", US Secretary of State under John Quincy Adams
  • Lily (Alice) Pons 1895 - Singer, actress
  • Sally Rand 1903
  • Ann Miller (Lucille Ann Collier) 1923 - Actress ("Sugar Babies", "Hit the Deck"), dancer
  • Tiny Tim (Herbert Khaury) 1930 - Ukulele playing, falsetto singer ("Tiptoe Through the Tulips")
  • Montserrat Caballe 1933 - Opera singer
  • Herbie Hancock 1940 - Jazz/fusion musician, composer
  • Frank Bank 1942 - Actor ("Leave it to Beaver")
  • Terry (Walter) Harmon 1944 - Baseball player
  • John Kay 1944 - Musician (Steppenwolf)
  • Ed O'Neill 1946 - Actor ("Married....with Children", "Wayne’s World")
  • Tom Clancy 1947 - Author
  • David Letterman 1947 - TV host, comedian
  • David Cassidy 1950 - Singer, actor ("The Partridge Family")
  • Pat Travers 1954 - Singer
  • Andy Garcia 1956 - Actor ("When a Man Loves a Woman", "The Untouchables")
  • Alex Briley 1956 - Singer (The Village People)
  • Vince Gill 1957 - Musician, singer (Bluegrass Alliance, Sundance, The Cherry Bombs, Pure Prairie League)
  • Suzzanne Douglas 1957 - Actress
  • Amy Ray 1964 - Singer, musician (Indigo Girls)
  • Shannen Doherty 1971 - Actress ("Beverly Hills 90210", "Little House on the Prairie")
  • Nicholas Brendon 1971 - Actress ("Buffy the Vampire Slayer")
  • Guy Berryman 1978 - Musician (Coldplay), Coldplay Merchandise
  • Claire Danes 1979 - Actress ("Little Women", "Law & Order", “Homeland”)