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Arts & Culture

Almanac - Tuesday 1/1/19

Polar Bear Swim 2015, by flickr user GoToVan

Today is Tuesday, the 1st of January of 2019.  It is the first day of the year. 78 days until spring begins.  There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year. 672 days until Presidential Elections on Tuesday November 3, 2020...

(1 year 10 months and 2 days from today)

The sun rises this morning at 7:25 am 

and sunset will be at 5:03 pm.

Today we will have 9 hours and 38 minutes of daylight.

Solar noon will be at 12:14 pm.

The first low tide was at 1:08 am

and the next low tide will be at 2:39 pm.

The first high tide will be at 7:48 am 

and the next high tide at 9:23 pm.

The Moon is currently 19.0% visible; a Waning Crescent

Moon Direction: 121.36° ESE↑

Moon Altitude: 15.49°

Moon Distance: 241825 mi

Next New Moon: Saturday January 5, 2019 at 5:28 pm

Next Full Moon: Sunday January 20, 2019 at 9:16 pm

Next Moonset: Today at 2:10 pm

Today is…

Apple Gifting Day

Commitment Day

Copyright Law Day

Ellis Island Day

Euro Day

Global Family Day

National Bloody Mary Day

National First Foot Day

National Hangover Day

New Year's Day

New Year's Dishonor List Day

Polar Bear Swim Day

Public Domain Day

Saint Basil's Day

World Day of Peace

Z Day

Second day of Hogmanay (Scotland) December 31-January 1, in some cases until January 2.

The last day of Kwanzaa: Today’s principle is Imani (ee-MAH-nee): Faith.

The eighth of the Twelve Days of Christmas

“On the eighth day of Christmas
My true love gave to me
Eight maids a milking…”

Constitution Day in Italy

Day of the Establishment of the Slovak Republic

Restoration Day of the Independent Czech State

Emancipation Day in the United States

Euro Day in the European Union

Flag Day in Lithuania commemorates raising of the Lithuanian flag on Gediminas' Tower in 1919

Founding Day in Taiwan commemorates the establishment of the Provisional Government in Nanjing

Independence Day in BruneiCameroonHaitiSudan

International Nepali Dhoti and Nepali Topi Day

Jump-up Day in  Montserrat

Kalpataru Day in the Ramakrishna Movement

Kamakura Ebisu, January 1–3 in Kamakura, KanagawaJapan

National Tree Planting Day in Tanzania

Novy God Day in Russia

Sjoogwachi on the Okinawa Islands

Polar Bear Swim Day in Canada and United States

Triumph of the Revolution in Cuba

If today is your birthday, Happy Birthday To You!  You share this special day with…

1735 – Paul Revere, American silversmith and engraver (d. 1818)

1752 – Betsy Ross, American seamstress, credited with designing the Flag of the United States (d. 1836)

1879 – William Fox, Hungarian-American screenwriter and producer, founded the Fox Film Corporation and Fox Theatres (d. 1952)

1895 – J. Edgar Hoover, American law enforcement official; 1st Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (d. 1972)

1900 – Xavier Cugat, Spanish-American singer-songwriter and actor (d. 1990)

1911 – Hank Greenberg, American baseball player (d. 1986)

1912 – Kim Philby, British spy (d. 1988)

1919 – J. D. Salinger, American soldier and author (d. 2010)

1923 – Milt Jackson, American jazz vibraphonist and composer (d. 1999)

1934 – Alan Berg, American lawyer and radio host (d. 1984)

1942 – Country Joe McDonald, American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1943 – Don Novello, American comedian (Father Guido Sarducci), screenwriter and producer

1958 – Grandmaster Flash, Barbadian rapper and DJ 

…and on this day in history…

153 BC – For the first time, Roman consuls begin their year in office on January 1.

45 BC – The Julian calendar takes effect as the civil calendar of the Roman Empire, establishing January 1 as the new date of the new year.  

1772 – The first traveler's cheques, which can be used in 90 European cities, is issued by the London Credit Exchange Company.

1773 – The hymn that became known as "Amazing Grace", then titled "1 Chronicles 17:16–17" is first used to accompany a sermon led by John Newton in the town of Olney, Buckinghamshire, England.

1788 – First edition of The Times of London, previously The Daily Universal Register, is published.

1801 – Ceres, the largest and first known object in the Asteroid belt, is discovered by Giuseppe Piazzi.

1804 – French rule ends in Haiti. Haiti becomes the first black republic and second independent country in North America after the United States.

1863 – American Civil War: The Emancipation Proclamation takes effect in Confederate territory.

1885 – Twenty-five nations adopt Sandford Fleming's proposal for standard time (and also, time zones)

1892 – Ellis Island begins processing immigrants into the United States.

1898 – New York, New York annexes land from surrounding counties, creating the City of Greater New York. The four initial boroughs, ManhattanBrooklynQueens, and The Bronx, are joined on January 25 by Staten Island to create the modern city of five boroughs.

1899 – Spanish rule ends in Cuba.

1901 – Nigeria becomes a British protectorate.

1901 – The British colonies of New South WalesQueenslandVictoriaSouth AustraliaTasmania, and Western Australia federate as the Commonwealth of AustraliaEdmund Barton is appointed the first Prime Minister.

1902 – The first American college football bowl game, the Rose Bowl between Michigan and Stanford, is held in Pasadena, California.

1934 – Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay becomes a United States federal prison.

1959 – Cuban RevolutionFulgencio Batista, dictator of Cuba, is overthrown by Fidel Castro's forces.

1971 – Cigarette advertisements are banned on American television.

1979 – Formal diplomatic relations are established between China and the United States.

1983 – The ARPANET officially changes to using the Internet Protocol, creating the Internet.

1984 – The original American Telephone & Telegraph Company is divested of its 22 Bell System companies as a result of the settlement of the 1974 United States Department of Justice antitrust suit against AT&T.

1990 – David Dinkins is sworn in as New York City's first black mayor.

1994 – The Zapatista Army of National Liberation initiates twelve days of armed conflict in the Mexican state of Chiapas.