Almanac ~ Tuesday, 4/25/17
Happy Birthday Ella Fitzgerald (1917-1996)! Enjoy special centennery remembrances during Morning Edition and All Things Considered today...
Today is Tuesday, April 25, 2017 the 145th day of the year with 250 days remaining.
- Sunrise: 6:21am
- Sunset: 7:55pm
...giving us 13 hours and 32 minutes of daylight. 9% of the waning moon will be visible, setting at 6:05pm
Tides at the Golden Gate
- High: 11:52am/11:47pm
- Low: 5:17am/5:18pm
Special international celebrations today…
- Anzac Day - Australia, Cook Islands, New Zealand, Niue, Samoa, Tonga
- Armed Forces Day - North Korea
- Children's Day - Iceland
- Flag Day - Faroe Islands
- Fundacion Espanola - Peru
- Liberation Day - Italy, Switzerland
- Liberty Day - Portugal
- National Flag Day - Swaziland
- Remembrance Day - Papua New Guinea
- Senor de la Justicia - Peru
- Sinai Liberation Day Egypt
- World Penguin Day
- International Sauvignon Blanc Day
- World Meningitis Day
- DNA Day
- Hairstylists Appreciation Day
- National Prime Rib Day
- St. Zita feast day, patron of servants
- National Zucchini Bread Day
- St. Mark's Day, patron of cattle breeders
On this day in…
1590 - The Sultan of Morocco launched his successful attack to capture Timbuktu.
1644 - The Ming Chongzhen emperor committed suicide by hanging himself.
1684 - A patent was granted for the thimble.
1707 - At the Battle of Almansa, Franco-Spanish forces defeated the Anglo-Portugese.
1792 - The guillotine was first used to execute highwayman Nicolas J. Pelletier.
1831 - The New York and Harlem Railway was incorporated in New York City.
1859 - Work began on the Suez Canal in Egypt.
1867 - Tokyo was opened for foreign trade.
1882 - French commander Henri Riviere seized the citadel of Hanoi in Indochina.
1915 - During World War I, Australian and New Zealand troops landed at Gallipoli in Turkey in hopes of attacking the Central Powers from below. The attack was unsuccessful.
1925 - General Paul von Hindenburg took office as president of Germany.
1926 - In Iran, Reza Kahn was crowned Shah and choose the name "Pehlevi."
1928 - A seeing eye dog was used for the first time.
1938 - "Your Family and Mine," a radio serial, was first broadcast.
1940 - W2XBS (now WCBS-TV) in New York City presented the first circus on TV.
1945 - Delegates from about 50 countries met in San Francisco to organize the United Nations.
1952 - After a three-day fight against Chinese Communist Forces, the Gloucestershire Regiment was annihilated on "Gloucester Hill," in Korea.
1953 - Dr. James D. Watson and Dr. Francis H.C. Crick suggested the double helix structure of DNA.
1954 - The prototype manufacture of the first solar battery was announced by the Bell Laboratories in New York City.
1957 - Operations began at the first experimental sodium nuclear reactor.
1959 - St. Lawrence Seaway opened to shipping. The water way connects the Great Lakes and the Atlantic Ocean.
1961 - Robert Noyce was granted a patent for the integrated circuit.
1967 -Colorado Governor John Love signed the first law legalizing abortion in theU.S. The law was limited to therapeutic abortions when agreed to, unanimously, by a panel of three physicians.
1971 - The country of Bangladesh was established.
1974 - Portuguese dictator Antonio Salazar was overthrown in a military coup.
1976 - Portugal ratified a constitution. It was first revised on October 30, 1982.
1980 - In Iran, a commando mission to rescue hostages was aborted after mechanical problems disabled three of the eight helicopters involved. During the evacuation, a helicopter and a transport plan collided and exploded. EightU.S. servicemen were killed. The mission was aimed at freeing American hostages that had been taken at theU.S. embassy in Tehran on November 4, 1979. The event took place April 24th Washington, DC, time.
1982 - In accordance with Camp David agreements, Israel completed its Sinai withdrawal.
1983 - The Pioneer 10 spacecraft crossed Pluto's orbit, speeding on its endless voyage through the Milky Way.
1984 - In France, over one million people demonstrated to show they favored the decentralization of education.
1984 - David Anthony Kennedy, the son of Robert F. Kennedy, was found dead of a drug overdose in a hotel room.
1985 - "Big River (The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn)" opened at the Eugene O’Neill Theatre on Broadway in New York City.
1987 - Peter O'Toole opened in "Pygmalion" on Broadway.
1988 - In Israel, John "Ivan the Terrible" Demjanuk was sentenced to death as a Nazi war criminal.
1990 - Sandinista rule ended in Nicaragua.
1990 - The U.S. Hubble Space Telescope was placed into Earth's orbit. It was released by the space shuttle Discovery.
1992 - Islamic forces in Afghanistan took control of most of the capital of Kabul following the collapse of the Communist government.
1996 - The main assembly of the Palestine Liberation Organization voted to revoke clauses in its charter that called for an armed struggle to destroy Israel.
1998 -U.S. first lady Hillary Rodham Clinton on was questioned by Whitewater prosecutors on videotape about her work as a private lawyer for the failed savings and loan at the center of the investigation.
2003 - Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, the anti-apartheid leader and ex-wife of former President Nelson Mandela, was sentenced to four years in prison for her conviction on fraud and theft charges. She was convicted of 43 counts of fraud and 25 of theft of money from a women's political league.
2007 - The Dow Jones industrial average closed above 13,000 for the first time.
Today’s birthday celebrants include (or included)...
- Oliver Cromwell 1599 - English military and political leader
- Guglielmo Marconi 1874 - Italian inventor (radio telegraph system)
- Edward R. Murrow 1908 - American broadcast journalist
- Earl Bostic 1913 - Musician
- Sal Franzella 1915 - Musician
- Jerry Barber 1916 - Golfer
- Ella Fitzgerald 1917 - Vocalist, known as "First Lady of Song" and "Lady Ella"
- Robert Q. Lewis 1920 - Radio and television personality, game show host, actor
- Albert King 1923 - Musician
- Anita Bjorak 1923 - Actress
- Melissa Hayden 1923 - Dancer
- Vassar Clements 1928 - Musician
- Paul Mazursky 1930 - Actor, director
- Willis "Gator" Jackson 1932 - Saxaphonist
- Meadowlark Lemon 1932 - Basketball player, Harlem Globetrotters
- Jerry Leiber 1933 - Songwriter
- Anthony Lukas 1933 - Journalist, author
- Al Pacino 1940 - Actor
- Stu Cook 1945 - Musician (CCR)
- Bjorn Ulvaeus 1945 - Musician (Abba)
- Talia Shire 1946 - Actress ("The Godfather", "Rocky" film series)
- Jeffrey De Munn 1947 - Actor ("The Green Mile", "The Shawshank Redemption," TV: "The Walking Dead")
- Michael Brown 1949 - Musician (The Left Banke)
- Hank Azaria 1964 - Actor
- Andy Bell 1964 - Musician (Erasure)
- James Barbour 1965 - Actor, singer ("A Tale of Two Cities")
- Eric Avery 1965 - Musician (Jane's Addiction)
- Jane Clayson 1967 - Television host, journalist, author
- Renée Zellweger 1969 - Actress
- Jason Lee 1970 - Actor ("My Name is Earl")
- Emily Bergl 1975 - Actress ("The Rage: Carrie 2")
- Tim Duncan 1976 - Basketball player
- Sara Paxton 1988 - Actress