Almanac ~ Friday, 7/8/16
189th day of 2016, 176 days remain
Sunset: 8:34pm, giving us 14 hrs and 38 minutes of daylight
Moonrise at 10:24am, 13% of the waxing orb visible, setting at 11:27pm
Tides at the Golden Gate:
Special International Celebrations today…
- Gay Pride Day - Netherlands
- Special Holiday - Isabel Province, Solomon Islands
- National Milk Chocolate with Almonds Day
- St. Arnulph of Soissons' Day, Patron of hop-pickers, beer brewing
- Collector Car Appreciation Day
- Math 2.0 Day
On this day in…
1099 - Christian soldiers on the First Crusade march around Jerusalem.
1608 - The first French settlement at Quebec was established by Samuel de Champlain.
1663 - King Charles II of England granted a charter to Rhode Island.
1693 - Uniforms for police in New York City were authorized.
1709 - Peter the Great defeated Charles XII at Poltava, in the Ukraine, The Swedish empire was effectively ended.
1755 - Britain broke off diplomatic relations with France as their disputes in the New World intensified.
1776 - Col. John Nixon gave the first public reading of the U.S. Declaration of Independence to a crowd at Independence Square in Philadelphia.
1794 - French troops captured Brussels, Belgium.
1795 - Kent County Free School changed its name to Washington College. It was the first college to be named after U.S. President George Washington. The school was established by an act of the Maryland Assembly in 1723.
1815 - Louis XVIII returned to Paris after the defeat of Napoleon.
1865 - C.E. Barnes patented the machine gun.
1879 - The first ship to use electric lights departed from San Francisco, CA.
1881 - Edward Berner, druggist in Two Rivers, WI, poured chocolate syrup on ice cream in a dish. To this time chocolate syrup had only been used for making ice-cream sodas.
1889 - The Wall Street Journal was first published.
1889 - John L. Sullivan defeated Jake Kilrain, in the last championship bare-knuckle fight. The fight lasted 75 rounds.
1907 - Florenz Ziegfeld staged his first "Follies" on the roof of the New York Theater in New York City.
1919 - U.S. President Wilson returned from the Versailles Peace Conference in France.
1947 - Demolition work began in New York City for the new permanent headquarters of the United Nations.
1950 - General Douglas MacArthur was named commander-in-chief of United Nations forces in Korea.
1953 - Notre Dame announced that the next five years of its football games would be shown in theatres over closed circuit TV.
1960 - The Soviet Union charged Gary Powers with espionage. He was shot down in a U-2 spy plane.
1963 - All Cuban-owned assets in the United States were frozen.
1969 - The U.S. Patent Office issued a patent for the game "Twister."
1970 - The San Francisco Giant’s Jim Ray Hart became the first National League player in 59 seasons to collect six runs batted (RBI) during a single inning.
1981 - The Solar Challenger became the first solar-powered airplane to cross the English Channel.
1986 - Kurt Waldheim was inaugurated as president of Austria despite controversy over his alleged ties to Nazi war crimes.
1997 - The Mayo Clinic and the U.S. government warned that the diet-drug combination known as "fen-phen" could cause serious heart and lung damage.
1997 - NATO invited Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic to join the alliance in 1999.
2000 - J.K. Rowling's "Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire" was released in the U.S. It was the fourth Harry Potter book.
2010 - The Solar Impulse completed the first 24-hour flight by a solar powered plane.
Birthday celebrants today include (or included)…
- Jean La Fontaine 1621
- Ferdinand von Zeppelin 1838
- John D. Rockefeller 1839
- Louis Jordan 1908
- Billy Eckstine 1914
- Faye Emerson 1917
- Pamela Brown 1918
- Craig Stevens 1918
- Harrison Dillard 1923
- Shirley Ann Grau 1929
- Roone Arledge 1931
- Jerry Vale 1932
- Marty Feldman 1933
- Steve Lawrence 1935
- Barbara Loden 1937
- Faye Wattleton 1943
- Jeffrey Tambor 1944
- Jai Johanny Johanson 1944
- Cynthia Gregory 1946
- Kim Darby 1948
- Raffi Cavoukian 1948
- Wolfgang Puck 1949
- Anjelica Huston 1951
- Margaret Stowe 1952
- Marianne Williamson 1952
- Kevin Bacon 1958
- Toby Keith 1961
- Graham Jones 1961
- Andy Fletcher 1961
- Rob Burnett 1962
- Joan Osborne 1962
- Corey Parker 1965
- Billy Crudup 1968