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Arts & Culture

Almanac ~ Wednesday 6/8/16

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World Ocean Day ~ Eat Sustainably!

160th day of 2016, 206 days remain

Sunrise: 5:48am
Sunset: 8:31pm

Moonrise: 9:39am, 9% of the waxing moon visible, setting at 11:42pm
 
Tides at the Golden Gate:
High: 1:57am/4:04pm
Low: 8:42am/9:01pm
 
Special international celebrations & commemorations today...
Bounty Day & Pitcairners Arrival Day - Norfolk Island
World Ocean Day
National Caribbean American HIV Awareness Day

It's also...
 
Best Friends Day
Upsy Daisy Day
Jelly-filled Doughnut Day
 
On this day in...
 
452 - Italy was invaded by Attila the Hun. 

0793 - The Vikings raided the Northumbrian coast of England. 

1786 - In New York City, commercially manufactured ice cream was advertised for the first time. 

1790 - The first loan for the U.S. was repaid. The Temporary Loan of 1789 was negotiated and secured on September 18, 1789 by Alexander Hamilton. 

1861 - Tennessee voted to secede from the Union and joined the Confederacy. 

1866 - Prussia annexed the region of Holstein. 

1869 - Ives W. McGaffey received a U.S. patent for the suction vacuum cleaner. 

1872 - The penny postcard was authorized by the U.S. Congress. 

1904 - U.S. Marines landed in Tangiers, Morocco, to protect U.S. citizens. 

1915 - U.S. Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan resigned in a disagreement over U.S. handling of the sinking of the Lusitania

1934 - The Cincinnati Reds became the first Major League team to use an airplane to travel from one city to another. They flew from Cincinnati to Chicago. 

1947 - "Lassie Show" debuted on ABC radio. It was a 15-minute show. 

1948 - Milton Berle hosted "Texaco Star Theater" NBC-TV. It was the show's debut. 

1953 - The U.S. Supreme Court outlawed segregated restaurants in Washington, DC

1961 - The Milwaukee Braves set a major league baseball record when four consecutive home runs in the seventh inning. 

1965 - U.S. troops in South Vietnam were given orders to begin fighting offensively. 

1967 - Israeli airplanes attacked the USS Liberty in the Mediterranean during the 6-Day War between Israel and its Arab neighbors. 34 U.S. Navy crewmen were killed. Israel later called the incident a tragic mistake due to the mis-identification of the ship. The U.S. has never publicly investigated the incident. 

1969 - The New York Yankees retired Mickey Mantle's number (7). 

1969 - It was announced that there would be a single schedule for both the NFL and AFL

1969 - U.S. President Richard Nixon met with President Thieu of South Vietnam to tell him 25,000 U.S. troops would pull out by August. 

1982 - U.S. President Reagan became the first American chief executive to address a joint session of the British Parliament. 

1986 - The Boston Celtics won their 16th NBA championship. 

1987 - Fawn Hill began testifying in the Iran-Contra hearings. She said that she had helped to shred some documents. 

1988 - The judge in the Iran-Contra conspiracy case ruled that Oliver North, John Poindexter, Richard Secord and Albert Hakim had to be tried separately. 

1991 - A victory parade was held in Washington, DC, to honor veterans of the Persian Gulf War. 

1994 - The warring factions in Bosnia agreed to a one-month cease-fire. 

1995 - U.S. Air Force pilot Captain Scott O'Grady was rescued by U.S. Marines after surviving alone in Bosnia after his F-16 fighter was shot down on June 2. 

1996 - China set off an underground nuclear test blast. 

1998 - The National Rifle Association elected Charlton Heston to be its president. 

1998 - In the U.S., the FTC brought an antitrust complaint against Intel Corp., alleging its policies punished other developers of microprocessor chips. 

1998 - Honda agreed to pay $17.1 million for disconnecting anti-pollution devices in 1.6 million cars. 

1998 - The space shuttle Discovery pulled away from Mir, ending America's three-year partnership with Russia. 

2000 - The Dallas Stars and the New Jersey Devils played the NHL's longest scoreless game in Stanley Cup finals history. The fifth game of the series lasted 106 minutes and 21 seconds. The game ended with a goal by Mike Madano that allowed the Stars to play a game six back in Dallas. 

2001 - Marc Chagall's painting "Study for 'Over Vitebsk" was stolen from the Jewish Museum in New York City. The 8x10 painting was valued at about $1 million. A group called the International Committee for Art and Peace later announced that they would return the painting after the Israelis and Palestinians made peace. 

2004 - Nate Olive and Sarah Jones began the first known continuous hike of the 1,800-mile trail down the U.S. Pacific Coast. They completed the trek at the U.S.-Mexico border on September 28.
 
Birthday celebrants today include (or included)...

Giovanni Domenico Cassini 1625 
Robert Schumann 1810 
Frank Lloyd Wright 1867 
Francis Crick 1916 
Robert Preston 1918 
Alexis Smith 1921 
George Kirby 1924 
Barbara Bush 1925  
Jerry Stiller 1929  
Dana Wytner 1930 
Joan Rivers 1933 
Millicent Martin 1934 
James Darren 1936 
Bernie Casey 1939 
Nancy Sinatra 1940 
Chuck Negron 1942
Willie Davenport 1943 
Don Grady 1944 
Bos Scaggs 1944 
Sara Paretsky 1947 
Mick Box 1947 
Sonia Braga 1950  
Kathy Baker 1950 -p
Tony Rice 1951 
Bonnie Tyler 1953 
Timothy John "Tim" Berners-Lee 1955 
Griffin Dunne 1955 
Russell Christian 1956 
Scott Adams 1957 
Keenan Ivory Wayans 1958  
Mick 'Red' Hucknall 1960 
Nick Rhodes 1962 
Robert Pilatus 1965 
Doris Pearson 1966 
Dan Futterman 1967 
Julianna Margulies 1967 
Neil Mitchell 1967 
Kelli Williams 1970 
Mark Feuerstein 1971
Lindsay Davenport 1976 
Kanye Omari West 1977 
Derek Trucks 1979
Sara Watkins 1981
Kim Clijsters 1983