Friday, August 8, 2014
220th day of 2014, 145 remaining
Tides at the Golden Gate:
High: 11:14am/10:13pm Low: 4:07am/3:54pm
Sunrise: 6:19am Sunset: 8:11pm
Moonrise: 3:59am Moonset: 6:27pm 87% visible
Special Celebrations today include...
- Queen's Name Day - Sweden
- Father's Day - Taiwan
- Independence Day - Bhutan
- International Day of the World's Indigenous People - Australia
- Peasants' Day - Tanzania
- Universal & International Infinity Day
- Saint Mary MacKillop Day – Australia
- International Cat Day
- Happiness Happens Day
- Odie Day
On this day in...
1356 - Edward "the Black Prince" began a raid north from Aquitaine.
1588 - The Spanish Armada was defeated by the English fleet ending an invasion attempt.
1815 - Napoleon Bonaparte set sail for St. Helena, in the South Atlantic. The remainder of his life was spent there in exile.
1844 - After the killing of Joseph Smith, Brigham Young was chosen to lead the Mormons.
1876 - Thomas Edison received a patent for the mimeograph. The mimeograph was a "method of preparing autographic stencils for printing."
1899 - The refrigerator was patented by A.T. Marshall.
1900 - In Boston, the first Davis Cup series began. The U.S. team defeated Great Britain three matches to zero.
1911 - The number of representatives in the U.S. House of Representatives was established at 435. There was one member of Congress for every 211,877 residents.
1940 - The German Luftwaffe began a series of daylight air raids on Great Britain.
1945 - The United Nations Charter was signed by U.S. President Truman.
1945 - During World War II, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan.
1950 - Whataburger opened its restaurant in Corpus Christi, TX.
1953 - The U.S. and South Korea initiated a mutual security pact.
1956 - Japan launched an oil tanker that was 780 feet long and weighed 84,730 tons. It was the largest oil tanker in the world.
1966 - Michael DeBakey became the first surgeon to install an artificial heart pump in a patient.
1974 - U.S. President Nixon announced that he would resign the following day.
1978 - The U.S. launched Pioneer Venus II, which carried scientific probes to study the atmosphere of Venus.
1988 - It was announced that a cease-fire between Iraq and Iran had begun.
1989 - The space shuttle Columbia took off from Cape Canaveral, FL. The trip was said to be a secret five-day military mission.
1990 - American forces began positioning in Saudia Arabia.
1991 - John McCarthy, a British TV producer was released by his Lebanese kidnappers. He had been held captive for more than five years. A rival group abducted Jerome Leyraud in retaliation and threatened to kill him if any more hostages were released.
1991 - The U.N. Security Council approved North and South Korea for membership.
1992 - The "Dream Team" clinched the gold medal at the Barcelona Summer Olympics. The U.S. basketball team beat Croatia 117-85.
1994 - The first road link between Israel and Jordan opened.
1994 - Representatives from China and Taiwan signed a cooperation agreement.
1995 - Saddam Hussein's two eldest daughters, their husbands, and several senior army officers defected.
1999 - Wade Boggs got his 3,000th hit of his major league baseball career.
2000 - The submarine H.L. Hunley was raised from ocean bottom after 136 years. The sub had been lost during an attack on the U.S.S. Housatonic in 1864. The Hunley was the first submarine in history to sink a warship.
Birthday celebrants today include (or included)...
- Matthew Henson 1866
- Russel Markert 1899
- Benny Carter 1907
- Sylvia Sidney 1910
- Rosetta LeNoire 1911
- Dino DeLaurentis 1919
- Rory Calhoun 1922
- Esther Williams 1923
- Jimmy Witherspoon 1923
- Webb Pierce 1926
- Urbie Green 1926
- Richard Anderson 1926
- Nita Talbot 1930
- Jerry Tarkanian 1930
- Mel Tillis 1932
- Joe Tex 1933
- Frank Howard (MLB) 1936
- Dustin Hoffman 1937
- Connie Stevens 1938
- Phil Balsley (The Statler Brothers) 1939
- John David (Dr. Hook) 1942
- Larry Wilcox 1944
- Keith Carradine 1949
- Airrion Love (The Stylistics) 1949
- Jamie O'Hara 1950
- Fairweather-Low (Amen Corner) 1950
- Randy Shilts 1951
- Robin Quivers 1952
- Donny Most 1953
- Ali Score (A Flock of Seagulls) 1956
- Dennis Drew (10,000 Maniacs) 1957
- Harry Crosby 1958
- Deborah Norville 1958
- Chris Foreman (Madness) 1958
- Rikki Rockett (Poison) 1961
- "The Edge" David Evans (U2) 1961
- Kool Moe Dee 1962
- Mark Wills 1973
- Scott Alan Stapp 1973 - (Creed)
- Tom Linton (Jimmy Eat World) 1975
- JC Chasez ('N Sync) 1976
- Drew Lachey (98 Degrees) 1976
- Marsha Ambrosius (Floetry) 1977
- Countess Vaughn 1978
- Odie (from Garfield comic) 1978
- Beatrice Elizabeth Mary 1988