Almanac ~ Friday, 10/14/16
288th day of 2016, 78 days remain, with 25 days until Election Day
Sunset 6:33, giving us 11 hours & 15 minutes of daylight
Moonrise at 5:59pm, 92% visible, waxing
Tides at the Golden Gate:
International celebrations today include…
Day of Formation of the Tajik Republic - Tajikistan
Founder's Day & Youth Day - Zaire (Democratic Congo)
Peace Corps Birthday - USA
Petkouden - Bulgaria
Santa Fortunata - Peru
The October Revolution - Yemen
Nyerere Day – Tanzania
Be Bald and Be Free Day
National Costume Swap Day
National Family Bowling Day (or Kids Bowl Free Day)
World Egg Day
World Standards Day
On this day in…
1066 - The Battle of Hastings occurred in England. The Norman forces of William the Conqueror defeated King Harold II of England.
1879 - Thomas Edison signed an agreement with Jose D. Husbands for the sale of Edison telephones in Chile.
1887 - Thomas Edison and George E. Gouraud reached an agreement for the international marketing rights for the phonograph.
1888 - In England, Louis Le Prince filmed the experimental film "Roundhay Garden Scene." It is the oldest surviving motion picture.
1912 - Theodore Roosevelt was shot while campaigning in Milwaukee, WI. Roosevelt's wound in the chest was not serious and he continued with his planned speech. William Schrenk was captured at the scene of the shooting.
1922 - Lieutenant Lester James Maitland set a new airplane speed record when he reached a speed of 216.1 miles-per-hour.
1926 - The book "Winnie-the-Pooh," by A.A. Milne, made its debut.
1928 - The first televised wedding took place in Des Plains, IL. James Fowlkes and Cora Dennison were married in a radio studio.
1930 - Ethel Merman debuted on Broadway in "Girl Crazy."
1933 - Nazi Germany announced that it was withdrawing from the League of Nations.
1934 - "Lux Radio Theater" began airing on the NBC Blue radio network.
1936 - The first SSB (Social Security Board) office opened in Austin, TX. From this point, the Board's local office took over the assigning of Social Security Numbers.
1943 - The Radio Corporation of America finalized the sale of the NBC Blue radio network. Edward J. Noble paid $8 million for the network that was renamed American Broadcasting Company.
1944 - German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel committed suicide rather than face execution after being accused of conspiring against Adolf Hitler and the execution that would follow.
1944 - During World War II, the Second British Parachute Brigade liberated the city of Athens.
1947 - Over Rogers Dry Lake in Southern California, pilot Chuck Yeager flew the Bell X-1 rocket plane and became the first person to break the sound barrier.
1954 - C.B. DeMille's "The Ten Commandments", starring Charlton Heston, began filming in Egypt. The epic had a cast of 25,000 people.
1960 - U.S. presidential candidate John F. Kennedy first suggested the idea of a Peace Corps.
1961 - "How to Succeed in Business without Really Trying" opened on Broadway.
1962 - The Cuban Missile Crisis began. It was on this day that U.S. intelligence personnel analyzing data discovered Soviet medium-range missile sites in Cuba. On October 22 U.S. President John F. Kennedy announced that he had ordered the naval "quarantine" of Cuba.
1964 - Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his non-violent resistance to racial prejudice in America. He was the youngest person to receive the award.
1968 - The first live telecast to come from a manned U.S. spacecraft was transmitted from Apollo 7.
1970 - Anwar el-Sadat became president of Egypt following the death of President Nasser.
1972 - In Iraq, oil was struck for the first time just north of Kirkuk.
1984 - George ‘Sparky’ Anderson became the first baseball manager to win 100 games and a World Series in both leagues.
1986 - Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev charged that the U.S. wanted to "bleed the Soviet Union economically" with the arms race in space.
1987 - Jessica McClure, 18 months old, fell down an abandoned well in Midland, TX. The rescue took 58 hours.
2002 - Britain stripped power from the Catholic and Protestant politicians of Northern Ireland. Britain resumed sole responsibility for running Northern Ireland.
Birthday celebrants today include (or included)…
Akbar (Akbar the Great) 1542
William Penn 1644
Dwight David Eisenhower 1890
Lillian Gish 1893
E.E. Cummings 1894
Eugene Fodor 1905
Allan Jones 1908
John Wooden 1910
C. Everett Koop 1916
Bill Justis 1926
Roger Moore 1927
Robert Webber 1928
Nelba Montgomery 1938
Ralph Lauren 1939
Cliff Richard 1940
Tommy Harper 1940
J.C. Snead 1941
Billy Harrison 1942
Udo Kier 1944
Al Oliver 1946
Justin Hayward 1946
Charlie Joiner 1947
Marcia Barrett 1948
Sheila Young 1950
Harry Anderson 1952
Greg Evigan 1953
Beth Daniel 1956
Arleen Sorkin 1956
Thomas Dolby 1958
Karyn White 1965
Steve Coogan 1965
John Seda 1970
Jimmy Jackson 1970
Doug Virden 1970
Natalie Maines 1974
Shaznay Lewis 1975