Jazz great Herbie Mann (1930-2003) born this day in 1930.
Today is Monday, April 16, 2018, the 106th day of the year with 59 days remaining.
...giving us 13 hours and 13 minutes of daylight. None of the now new moon will be visible, more visible in the days ahead.
Tides at the Golden Gate
- High: 12:18am/1:05pm
- Low: 6:25am/6:26pm
Special international celebrations today…
- De Diego's Birthday - Puerto Rico
- Militia Day - Cuba
- Qana Memorial Day - Lebanon
- Queen Margrethe’s birthday - Denmark
- Queen's Birthday - Greenland
- Emancipation Day - US
- Librarian Day - US
- Boston Marathon Day "Patriot Day"
- Foursquare Day
- National Bean Counter Day
- National Health Care Decisions Day
- National Orchid Day
- Save The Elephant Day
- National Eggs Benedict Day
- Feast of St. Drogo, patron of coffee house owners and keepers
- Feast of St. Magnus of Orkney, patron of fishmongers
- Feast of St. Bernadette's Day, patron of shepherds
On this day in…
0069 - Otho committed suicide after being defeated by Vitellius' troops at Bedriacum.
0556 - Pelagius I began his reign as Catholic Pope.
1065 - The Norman Robert Guiscard took Bari. Five centuries of Byzantine rule in southern Italy ended.
1175 - Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor, signed the Treaty of Montebello with the Lombard League.
1705 - Queen Anne of England knighted Isaac Newton.
1746 - The Duke of Cumberland defeated Bonnie Prince Charlie (and his Jacobites) at the battle of Culloden.
1818 - The U.S. Senate ratified Rush-Bagot amendment to form an unarmed U.S.-Canada border.
1851 - A lighthouse was swept away in a gale at Minot’s Ledge, MA.
1854 - San Salvador was destroyed by an earthquake.
1862 - Confederate President Jefferson Davis approved conscription act for white males between 18 and 35.
1862 - In the U.S., slavery was abolished by law in the District of Columbia.
1883 - Paul Kruger became president of the South African Republic.
1900 - The first book of postage stamps was issued. The two-cent stamps were available in books of 12, 24 and 48 stamps.
1905 - Andrew Carnegie donated $10,000,000 of personal money to set up the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching.
1912 - Harriet Quimby became the first woman to fly across the English Channel.
1917 - Vladimir Ilyich Lenin returned to Russia to start Bolshevik Revolution after years of exile.
1922 - Annie Oakley shot 100 clay targets in a row, to set a women's record.
1922 - The Soviet Union and Germany signed the Treaty of Rapallo under which Germany recognized the Soviet Union and diplomatic and trade relations were restored.
1935 - "Fibber McGee and Molly" premiered.
1940 - The first no-hit, no-run game to be thrown on an opening day of the major league baseball season was earned by Bob Feller. The Cleveland Indians beat the Chicago White Sox 1-0.
1942 - The Island of Malta was awarded the George Cross in recognition for heroism under constant German air attack.
1943 - In Basel, Switzerland, chemist Albert Hoffman accidently discovered the the hallucinogenic effects of LSD-25 while working on the medicinal value of lysergic acid.
1944 - The destroyer USS Laffey survived immense damage from attacks by 22 Japanese aircraft off Okinawa.
1945 - American troops entered Nuremberg, Germany.
1947 - The Zoomar lens, invented by Dr. Frank Back, was demonstrated in New York City. It was the first lens to exhibit zooming effects.
1947 - In Texas City, TX, the French ship Grandcamp, carrying ammonium nitrate fertilizer, caught fire and blew up. The explosions and resulting fires killed 576 people.
1948 - In Paris, the Organization for European Economic Co-operation was set up.
1951 - 75 people were killed when the British submarine Affray sank in the English Channel.
1953 - The British royal yacht Britannia was launched.
1962 - Walter Cronkite began anchoring "The CBS Evening News".
1967 - At the Western Open in El Monte, CA, Ken Barnes Jr. became the first skeet shooter to break a perfect 400 x 400 in all four guns (.410, 28, 20, and 12 gauges). He is also the only shooter to do this with pump action guns.
1968 - The Pentagon announced that troops would begin coming home from Vietnam.
1968 - Major league baseball's longest night game was played when the Houston Astros defeated the New York Mets 1-0. The 24 innings took six hours, six minutes to play.
1972 - Apollo 16 blasted off on a voyage to the moon. It was the fifth manned moon landing.
1972 - Two giants pandas arrived in the U.S. from China.
1975 - The Khmer Rouge Rebels won control of Cambodia after a five years of civil war. They renamed the country Kampuchea and began a reign of terror.
1978 - In Orissa, India, 180 people died when a tornado hit.
1982 - Queen Elizabeth proclaimed Canada's new constitution in effect. The act severed the last colonial links with Britain.
1983 - China shelled the Vietnam border in retaliation for raids.
1983 - Brazil detained four Libyan planes en route to Nicaragua after finding weapons, explosives and ammunition on the planes.
1985 - Mickey Mantle was reinstated after being banned from baseball for several years.
1987 - The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) sternly warned U.S. radio stations to watch the use of indecent language on the airwaves.
1987 - The U.S. Patent Office began allowing the patenting of new animals created by genetic engineering.
1992 - Italian financier Carlo de Benedetti and 32 others were convicted of fraud in connection with the 1982 collapse of Banco Ambrosiano.
1992 - The House ethics committee listed 303 current and former lawmakers who had overdrawn their House bank accounts.
1995 - The European Union and Canada agreed to protect threatened fish stocks in the north Atlantic.
1996 - Britain's Prince Andrew and his wife, Sarah, the Duchess of York, announced that they were in the process of getting a divorce.
1996 - An Italian court found former Prime Minister Bettino Craxi guilty on charges of corruption. He was sentenced to eight years and three months in prison.
1999 - Wayne Gretzky announced his retirement from the National Hockey League (NHL).
2002 - The U.S. Supreme Court overturned major parts of a 1996 child pornography law based on rights to free speech.
2007 - In Blacksburg, VA, a student killed 33 people at Virginia Tech before killing himself.
Today’s birthday celebrants include (or included)...
- Hans Sloane 1660 - Doctor, naturalist, instrumental in founding of the British Museum
- Sir John Franklin 1786
- Flora Batson 1864
- Jose de Diego 1866 - Patriot and political leader of Puerto Rico
- Wilbur Wright 1867 - Aviator, one of the Wright Brothers
- John Millington Synge 1871 - Poet, playwright
- Charlie Chaplin 1889 - Actor, comedian
- Les Tremayne (Henning) 1913 - Actor ("The War of the Worlds", "The Slime People")
- John Hodiak 1914 - Actor
- Spike Milligan 1918
- Merce Cunningham 1919 - Dancer, choreographer
- Sir Peter Ustinov 1921 - Actor
- Kingsly Amis 1922 - Novelist
- Bennie Green 1923 - Musician, lyricist
- Barry Nelson 1920 - Actor ("Airport", "The Shining"), first actor to portray Ian Fleming's James Bond.
- Henry Mancini (Enrico Nicola Mancini) 1924 - Composer (themes for "The Pink Panther", "Peter Gunn")
- Joseph Alois Ratzinger 1927 - Pope Benedict XVI
- Edie Adams 1929 - Actress
- Ed Townshend 1929
- Roy Hamilton 1929 - Singer
- Herbie Mann (Soloman) 1930 - Jazz musician
- Ike Pappas 1933 - Singer
- Bobby Vinton 1935 - Singer
- Dusty Springfield (Mary Isabel Catherine Bernadette O’Brien) 1939 - Singer
- Queen Margrethe II 1940 - Queen of Denmark
- Jim (James Reynold) Lonborg 1942 - Baseball player
- Dave Peverett (Lonesome Dave) 1943 - Musician (Foghat)
- Kareem Abdul-Jabbar (Lew Alcindor) 1947 - Basketball player
- Gerry Rafferty 1947 - Singer, songwriter
- Bill Spooner 1949 - Musician (The Tubes)
- Peter Garrett 1953 - Singer (Midnight Oil)
- Jay O. Sanders 1953 - Actor
- Ellen Barkin 1954 - Actress ("Eddie and the Cruisers")
- Jimmy Osmond 1963 - Singer (The Osmonds), the youngest Osmond
- David Pirner 1964 - Musician (Soul Asylum)
- John Cryer 1965 - Actor ("Superman 4: The Quest for Peace", "Pretty in Pink", "Two and a Half Men")
- Martin Lawrence 1965 - Actor, comedian
- Dan Rieser 1966 - Musician (Marcy Playground)
- Selena Quintanilla 1971 - Singer
- Peter Billingsley 1972 - Actor ("A Christmas Story")
- Lukas Haas 1976 - Actor
- Samantha Char 1995