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Arts & Culture

Almanac - Monday 2/11/19

Oatmeal, by flickr user Alanna Whitney

Today is Monday, the 11th of February of 2019.  It is the 42nd day of the year.  There are 323 days remaining until the end of the year.  37 days until spring begins, and 631 days until Presidential Elections on Tuesday November 3, 2020...

(1 year 8 months and 23 days from today)

The sun rises at 7:03 am 

and sunset will be at 5:46pm.

We will have 10 hours and 43 minutes of daylight.

Solar noon will be at 12:24 pm.

The first high tide will be at 3:36 am 

and the next high tide at 4:05 pm.

The first low tide will be at 9:53am 

and the next low tide at 9:26 pm.

The Moon is 36.2%; a Waxing Crescent

Moon Direction: 350.96° N↑

Moon Altitude: -43.89°

Moon Distance: 243872 mi

Next Full Moon: Tuesday February 19, 2019 at 7:53 am

Next New Moon: Wednesday March 6, 2019 at 8:03 am

Next Moonrise: Today at 10:47 am

Today is…

Be Electrific Day

Clean Out Your Computer Day

Get Out Your Guitar Day

Grandmother Achievement Day

National Don't Cry Over Spilled Milk Day

National Inventors' Day

National Make a Friend Day

National Peppermint Patty Day

National Shut-in Visitation Day

Oatmeal Monday

Promise Day

Pro Sports Wives Day

Satisfied Staying Single Day

White Shirt Day

Today is also…

European 112 Day in the European Union

Armed Forces Day in Liberia

Day of Revenue Service in Azerbaijan

Evelio Javier Day on Panay Island in the Philippines

World Day of the Sick

National Foundation Day in Japan

Youth Day in Cameroon

International Day of Women and Girls in Science

Today's Birthdays:

1847 – Thomas Edison, American engineer and businessman, developed the light bulb and phonograph (d. 1931)

1917 – Sidney Sheldon, American author and screenwriter (d. 2007)

1919 – Eva Gabor, Hungarian-American actress, socialite and businesswoman (d. 1995)

1921 – Lloyd Bentsen, American colonel and politician, 69th United States Secretary of the Treasury (d. 2006)

1925 – Virginia E. Johnson, American psychologist and academic (d. 2013)

1926 – Leslie Nielsen, Canadian-American actor and producer (d. 2010)

1934 – Tina Louise, American actress and singer

1934 – Manuel Noriega, Panamanian general and politician, Military Leader of Panama (d. 2017)

1936 – Burt Reynolds, American actor and director (d. 2018)

1941 – Sérgio Mendes, Brazilian pianist and composer

1953 – Jeb Bush, American banker and politician, 43rd Governor of Florida

1962 – Tammy Baldwin, American lawyer and politician

1962 – Sheryl Crow, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress

1964 – Sarah Palin, American journalist and politician, 9th Governor of Alaska

1968 – Mo Willems, American author and illustrator

1969 – Jennifer Aniston, American actress and producer

1974 – Alex Jones, American radio show host and conspiracy theorist

1990 – Q'orianka (kohr-ee-AHN'-kuh) Kilcher, American actress

1998 – Khalid, American singer

Rock M-C/vocalist Mike Shinoda (Linkin Park) is 42.

On this day in Black History…

– On this day in 1644, the first black legal protest in America passed by eleven blacks petitioned for freedom in New Netherlands.

Jarena Lee was born Feb 11, 1783.  The daughter of former slaves, born in Cape May, New Jersey.  Jarena Lee is the considered the first female preacher in the African Methodist Episcopal Church.  In 1836, she published her autobiography, THe Life and Religious Experiences, of Jarena Lee, a Coloured Lady, Giving an Account of Her Call to Preach the Gospel.  Her maiden name is unknown and the year of her death is uncertain. She married Joseph Lee, a minister of a Black church in Snow Hill (Lawnside - about 6 miles from Philadelphia) in 1811.

1861 – during the American Civil War, The United States House of Representatives unanimously passes a resolution guaranteeing noninterference with slavery in any state.

1914 – Josh White, American blues singer-songwriter, guitarist, actor, and activist (d. 1969)

– On this day in 1961, Robert Weaver was sworn in as administrator of the Housing and Home Finance Agency, highest federal post to date by a black American.

– On this day in 1971, Whitney L. Young died. He was named the Executive Director of the National Urban League.

– On this day in 1976, Clifford Alexander Jr is confirmed as the first black Secretary of the Army.

1990 – Nelson Mandela is released from Victor Verster Prison outside Cape Town, South Africa after 27 years as a political prisoner.

Also Today in History

660 BC – Traditional date for the foundation of Japan by Emperor Jimmu.

In 1531, the Church of England grudgingly accepted King Henry VIII as its supreme head.

1790 – The Religious Society of Friends, also known as Quakers, petitions U.S. Congress for the abolition of slavery.

1794 – First session of United States Senate opens to the public.

1808 – Jesse Fell burns anthracite on an open grate as an experiment in heating homes with coal.

1812 – Massachusetts governor Elbridge Gerry is accused of "gerrymandering" for the first time.

1826 – University College London is founded as University of London.

1840 – Gaetano Donizetti's opera La fille du régiment receives its first performance in Paris, France.

1843 – Giuseppe Verdi's opera I Lombardi alla prima crociata receives its first performance in Milan, Italy.

1903 – Anton Bruckner's 9th Symphony receives its first performance in Vienna, Austria.

In 1937, The six-week-old Flint sit-down strike against General Motors ended, with the company agreeing to recognize the United Automobile Workers Union.

1938 – BBC Television produces the world's first ever science fiction television program, an adaptation of a section of the Karel Čapek play R.U.R., that coined the term "robot".

In 1945, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Josef Stalin signed the Yalta Agreement, in which Stalin agreed to declare war against Imperial Japan following Nazi Germany's capitulation.

In 1963, American author and poet Sylvia Plath was found dead in her London flat, a suicide; she was 30.

1971 – Cold War: Eighty-seven countries, including the United States, United Kingdom, and Soviet Union, sign the Seabed Arms Control Treaty outlawing nuclear weapons on the ocean floor in international waters.

1973 – Vietnam War: First release of American prisoners of war from Vietnam takes place.

1978 – Censorship: China lifts a ban on works by AristotleWilliam Shakespeare and Charles Dickens.

1979 – The Iranian Revolution establishes an Islamic theocracy under the leadership of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.

1981 – Around 100,000 US gallons (380 m3) of radioactive coolant leak into the containment building of TVA Sequoyah 1 nuclear plant in Tennessee, contaminating eight workers.

1999 – Pluto crosses Neptune's orbit, ending a nearly 20-year period (since 1979) when it was closer to the Sun than the gas giant; Pluto is not expected to interact with Neptune's orbit for another 228 years.

2001 – A Dutch programmer launched the Anna Kournikova virus infecting millions of emails via a trick photo of the tennis star.

2006 – U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney shot Harry Whittington, a 78-year-old Texas attorney, while participating in a quail hunt on a ranch in Riviera, Texas.

In 2013, with a few words in Latin, Pope Benedict XVI did what no pope had done in more than half a millennium: announced his resignation. The bombshell came during a routine morning meeting of Vatican cardinals. (The 85-year-old pontiff was succeeded by Pope Francis.)

2011 – Arab Spring: The first wave of the Egyptian revolution culminates in the resignation of Hosni Mubarak and the transfer of power to the Supreme Military Council after 18 days of protests.

2015 – A university student was murdered as she resisted an attempted rape in Turkey, sparking nationwide protests and public outcry against harassment and violence against women.