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Arts & Culture

Almanac ~ Friday, 1/27/17

Happy Birthday, Wolfgang!
  • Sunrise:  7:17am
  • Sunset: 5:28pm

A mere 1% of the waning moon will be visible, setting at 5:31pm.

Tides at the Golden Gate:

  • High: 10:39am
  • Low: 4:35am/5:19pm

Special international celebrations today:

  • Feast of St. Sava - Serbia
  • Vietnam Day - Vietnam
  • WWII Genocide Memorial Day – Germany, UK

It’s also…

  • Auschwitz Liberation Day
  • Holocaust Memorial Day
  • National Geographic Day
  • National Pre-school Fitness Day
  • National Big Wig Day
  • National Chocolate Cake Day

On this day in…

1606 - The trial of Guy Fawkes and his fellow conspirators began. They were executed on January 31.

1870 - Kappa Alpha Theta, the first women’s sorority, was founded at Indiana Asbury University (now DePauw University) in Greencastle, IN.

1880 - Thomas Edison patented the electric incandescent lamp.

1888 - The National Geographic Society was founded in Washington, DC.

1900 - In China, foreign diplomats in Peking, fearing a revolt, demanded that the imperial government discipline the Boxer rebels.

1926 - John Baird, a Scottish inventor, demonstrated a pictorial transmission machine called television.

1927 - United Independent Broadcasters Inc. started a radio network with contracts with 16 stations. The company later became Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS).

1931 - NBC radio debuted "Clara, Lu ’n’ Em" on its Blue network (later, ABC radio).

1943 - During World War II, the first all American air raid against Germany took place when about 50 bombers attacked Wilhlemshaven.

1944 - The Soviet Union announced that the two year German siege of Leningrad had come to an end.

1945 - Soviet troops liberated the Nazi concentration camps Auschwitz and Birkenau in Poland.

1948 - Wire Recording Corporation of America announced the first magnetic tape recorder. The ‘Wireway’ machine with a built-in oscillator sold for $149.50.

1951 - In the U.S., atomic testing in the Nevada desert began as an Air Force plane dropped a one-kiloton bomb on Frenchman Flats.

1957 - The "CBS Radio Workshop" was heard for the first time.

1967 - At Cape Kennedy, FL, astronauts Virgil I. "Gus" Grissom, Edward H. White and Roger B. Chaffee died in a flash fire during a test aboard their Apollo I spacecraft.

1967 - More than 60 nations signed the Outer Space Treaty which banned the orbiting of nuclear weapons and placing weapons on celestial bodies or space stations.

1973 - The Vietnam peace accords were signed in Paris.

1977 - The Vatican reaffirmed the Roman Catholic Church's ban on female priests.

1981 - U.S. President Reagan greeted the 52 former American hostages released by Iran at the White House.

1985 - The Coca-Cola Company, of Atlanta, GA, announced a plan to sell its soft drinks in the Soviet Union.

1996 - Mahamane Ousmane, the first democratically elected president of Niger, was overthrown by a military coup. Colonel Ibrahim Bare Mainassara declared himself head of state.

1997 - It was revealed that French national museums were holding nearly 2,000 works of art stolen from Jews by the Nazis during World War II.

1998 - U.S. First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton appeared on NBC's "Today" show. She charged that the allegations against her husband were the work of a "vast right-wing conspiracy."

1999 - The U.S. Senate blocked dismissal of the impeachment case against President Clinton and voted for new testimony from Monica Lewinsky and two other witnesses.

2002 - A series of explosions occurred at a military dump in Lagos, Nigeria. More than 1,000 people were killed in the blast and in the attempt to escape.

2003 - Altria Group, Inc. became the name of the parent company of Kraft Foods, Philip Morris USA, Philip Morris International and Philip Morris Capital Corporation.

2010 - Steve Jobs unveiled the Apple iPad.

Birthday celebrants today include (or included)...

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 1756
  • Juan Crisostomo Jacobo Antonio de Arriaga 1806
  • Edouard-Victoire-Antoine Lalo 1823
  • Lewis Carroll 1832
  • Jerome Kern 1885
  • Harry Ruby (Rubinstein) 1895
  • Hyman Rickover 1900
  • William Randolph Hearst Jr. 1908
  • Milt Raskin 1916
  • Skitch (Lyle) Henderson 1918
  • David Seville (Chipmunks) 1919
  • Donna Reed 1921
  • Giovanni Verga 1922
  • Bobby 'Blue' Bland 1930
  • George Follmer 1934
  • Troy Donahue 1936
  • James Cromwell 1940
  • Tommy Cromwell 1940
  • Nick Mason (Pink Floyd) 1944
  • Nedra Talley (The Ronettes) 1947
  • Mikhail Baryshnikov 1948
  • Carl Mannerheim 1951
  • Brian Downey (Thin Lizzy) 1951
  • Seth Justman (The J. Geils Band) 1951
  • Cheryl White (The Whites) 1955
  • Richard Young (The Kentucky Headhunters) 1955
  • Mimi Rogers 1956
  • Cris Collinsworth 1959 - Football player
  • Gillian Gilbert (New Order) 1961
  • Margo Timmins (Cowboy Junkies) 1961
  • Bridget Fonda 1964
  • Tracy Lawrence 1968
  • Mike Patton (Faith No More) 1968
  • Mark Owen 1972
  • Mackenzie Lynn Adkins 1998