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Tuesday July 22, 2014

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  • 203rd Day of the Year / 162 Remaining
  • Autumn Begins in 62 Days

  • Sunrise:6:05
  • Sunset:8:26
  • 14 Hours 21 Minutes

  • Moon Rise:2:42am
  • Moon Set:5:10pm
  • Moon’s Phase 15%
  • Full Moon August 10 @ 11:10am
  • Full Sturgeon Moon
  • The fishing tribes are given credit for the naming of this Moon, since sturgeon, a large fish of the Great Lakes and other major bodies of water, were most readily caught during this month. A few tribes knew it as the Full Red Moon because, as the Moon rises, it appears reddish through any sultry haze. It was also called the Green Corn Moon or Grain Moon.
  • Tides
  • High Tide:9:34am/8:21pm
  • Low Tide:2:52am/2:15pm

  • Holidays
  • Pied Piper Day
  • Rat Catcher’s Day
  • Spooner’s Day
  • National Penuche Day

  • Liberation Day-Gambia
  • People’s Uprising Day-Slovenia

  • On This Day
  • 1376 ---According to legend, the Pied Piper got rid of all the rats in the German town of Hamelin. When the townspeople refused to pay, the Pied Piper led all the town’s children away.  This is the date given by Richard Rowland Verstegan in 1605 - the earliest version in English.  In 'The Anatomy of Melancholy' (1621) Robert Burton gives the date as June 20, 1484.  Other dates range back to 1284 AD.

  • 1909 --- Detroit’s Ty Cobb stole three bases in a single inning.  This feat, occurring at Huntington Grounds in Boston, helped give the Tigers a 6-0 victory.

  • 1587 --- A second English colony, also fated to vanish under mysterious circumstances, was established on Roanoke Island off North Carolina.
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  • 1916 --- In San Francisco, a bomb at a Preparedness Day parade on Market Street kills 10 people and wounds 40. The bomb was hidden in a suitcase. The parade was organized by the city's 
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    Chamber of Commerce in support of America's possible entrance into World War I. San Francisco was suffering through severe labor strife at the time, and many suspected that anti-war labor radicals were responsible for the terrorist attack. Labor leader Tom Mooney, his wife Rena, his assistant Warren K. Billings, and two others were 
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    (the accused Tom Mooney, circled at right, photographed watching the parade)
    soon charged by District Attorney Charles Fickert with the bombing. The case attracted international interest because all evidence, with the exception of a handful of questionable witness accounts, seemed to point unquestionably to their innocence. Even after confessions of perjured testimony were made in the courtroom, the trial continued, and in 1917 Mooney and Billings were convicted of first-degree murder, with Billings sentenced to life imprisonment and Mooney sentenced to hang. The other three defendants were acquitted. Responding to international outrage at the conviction, President Woodrow Wilson set up a "mediation commission" to 
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    investigate the case, and no clear evidence of their guilt was found. In 1918, Mooney's sentence was commuted to life imprisonment. During the next two decades, many groups and individuals petitioned California to grant the two men a new trial. By 1939, when evidence of perjury and false testimony at the trial had become overwhelming, newly elected Governor Culbert Olson pardoned Mooney and commuted Billing's sentence to time served. Billings was not officially pardoned until 1961.

  • 1923 --- John Herbert Dillinger joins the Navy in order to avoid charges of auto theft in Indiana, marking the beginning of America's most notorious criminal's downfall. Years later, Dillinger's reputation was forged in a single 12-month period, during which he robbed more banks than Jesse James did in 15 years and became the most wanted fugitive in the nation.

  • 1933 --- Aviator Wiley Post ended his first around-the-world flight on this day. Post traveled 15,596 miles in just over a week (7 days, 18 hours and 45 minutes). His famous plane was called the Winnie Mae.
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  • 1933 --- Caterina Jarboro became the first black prima donna of an opera company. The singer performed Aida with the Chicago Opera Company at the Hippodrome in New York City.
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  • 1934 --- Public enemy number one, the notorious John Dillinger, was gunned down and mortally wounded by FBI agents at the Biograph Theatre in Chicago, IL. 
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  • 1943 --- American forces led by Gen. George S. Patton captured Palermo, Sicily.
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  • 1963 --- The Beatles' first U.S. album, "Introducing The Beatles," was released. 
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  • 1967 --- The Billboard singles chart showed that Windy, by The Association, was the most popular record in the U.S. for the fourth straight week. The Los Angeles-based sextet would make way for Jim Morrison and The Doors a week later when Light My Fire became the hottest record of the mid-summer.
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  • 1987 --- In a dramatic turnaround, Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev indicates that he is willing to negotiate a ban on intermediate-range nuclear missiles without conditions. Gorbachev's decision paved the way for the groundbreaking Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty with the United States.

  • 1993 --- The levee holding back the flooding Mississippi River at Kaskaskia, Illinois, ruptures, forcing the town's people to flee on barges. The Mississippi flood of 1993 caused $18 billion in damages and killed 52 people.
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  • 2004 --- The September 11 commission's final report was released. The 575-page report concluded that hijackers exploited "deep institutional failings within our government." The report was released to White House officials the day before. 

  • Birthdays
  • Emma Lazarus
  • Alexander Calder
  • Danny Glover
  • Sen Bob Dole
  • Willem Dafoe
  • Oscar de la Renta
  • Orson Bean
  • Louise Fletcher
  • George Clinton
  • Albert Brooks
  • Don Henley
  • Emily Saliers
  • Selena Gomez
  • David Spade
  • Amy Vanderbilt
  • Rose Kennedy
  • Terence Stamp
  • John Leguizamo