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Arts & Culture

Almanac ~ Friday, 6/17/16

tollhouse.jpg
It's the birthday of Ruth Graves Wakefield, credited with creating toll house cookies (thanks!)

169th day of 2016, 197 days remain

  • Sunrise: 5:48am
  • Sunset: 8:34pm, giving us 14 hours and 47 minutes of daylight

  • Moonset: 4:06pm
  • Moonrise: 6:07pm, 87% visible, waxing

Tides at the Golden Gate

  • High: 11:33am/10:23pm
  • Low: 4:38am/4:07pm

International Celebrations today…

  • Father's Day - El Salvador, Guatemala
  • Independence Day - Iceland
  • World Day to Combat Desertification & Drought

It’s also…

  • Eat Your Vegetables Day
  • National Apple Strudel Day
  • National Flip Flop Day
  • Ugliest Dog Day

On this day in…

362 - Emperor Julian issued an edict banning Christians from teaching in Syria.

1579 - Sir Francis Drake claimed San Francisco Bay for England.

1775 - The British took Bunker Hill outside of Boston.

1789 - The Third Estate in France declared itself a national assembly, and began to frame a constitution.

1799 - Napoleon Bonaparte incorporated Italy into his empire.

1837 - Charles Goodyear received his first patent. The patent was for a process that made rubber easier to work with.

1848 - Austrian General Alfred Windischgratz crushed a Czech uprising in Prague.

1854 - The Red Turban revolt broke out in Guangdong, China.

1856 - The Republican Party opened its first national convention in Philadelphia.

1861 - US President Abraham Lincoln witnessed Dr. Thaddeus Lowe demonstrate the use of a hydrogen balloon.

1872 - George M. Hoover began selling whiskey in Dodge City, Kansas. The town had been dry up until this point.

1876 - General George Crook’s command was attacked and defeated on the Rosebud River by 1,500 Sioux and Cheyenne under the leadership of Crazy Horse.

1879 - Thomas Edison received an honorary degree of Doctor of Philosophy from the trustees of Rutgers College in New Brunswick, NJ.

1885 - The Statue of Liberty arrived in New York City aboard the French ship Isere.

1912 - The German Zeppelin SZ 111 burned in its hanger in Friedrichshafen.

1913 - U.S. Marines set sail from San Diego to protect American interests in Mexico.

1917 - The Russian Duma met in a secret session in Petrograd and voted for an immediate Russian offensive against the German Army.

1924 - The Fascist militia marched into Rome.

1926 - Spain threatened to quit the League of Nations if Germany was allowed to join.

1928 - Amelia Earhart began the flight that made her the first woman to successfully fly across the Atlantic Ocean.

1930 - The Smoot-Hawley Tariff Bill became law. It placed the highest tariff on imports to the U.S.

1931 - British authorities in China arrested Indochinese Communist leader Ho Chi Minh.

1932 - The U.S. Senate defeated the bonus bill as 10,000 veterans massed around the Capitol.

1940 - The Soviet Union occupied Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia.

1940 - France asked Germany for terms of surrender in World War II.

1941 - WNBT-TV in New York City, was granted the first construction permit to operate a commercial TV station in the U.S.

1942 - Yank, a weekly magazine for the U.S. armed services, began publication. The term "G.I. Joe" was first used in a comic strip by Dave Breger.

1942 - "Suspense" debuted on CBS Radio.

1944 - French troops landed on the island of Elba in the Mediterranean.

1944 - The republic of Iceland was established.

1947 Pan Am inaugurated the first round-the-world passenger service when the Lockheed Constellation 'Clipper America' with 21 passengers, 9 crew members and 400 pounds of food, departed from LaGuardia Airport in New York bound for San Francisco, the long way around. The trip covered more than 20,000 miles in 13 days, with 92 hours 43 minutes of flight time, landing in 17 cities and 10 countries.

1950 - Dr. Richard H. Lawler performed the first kidney transplant in a 45-minute operation in Chicago.

1953 - Soviet tanks fought thousands of Berlin workers that were rioting against the East German government.

1963 - The U.S. Supreme Court banned the required reading of the Lord's prayer and Bible in public schools.

1965 - Twenty-seven B-52’s hit Viet Cong outposts but lost two planes in South Vietnam.

1969 - Boris Spasky became chess champion of the world after checkmating former champion Tigran Petrosian in Moscow.

1970 - North Vietnamese troops cut the last operating rail line in Cambodia.
 
1982 - Former President Richard Nixon was interviewed by Diane Sawyer on "The CBS Morning News."

1985 - Judy Norton-Taylor was photographed for "Playboy" magazine.

1991 - The Parliament of South Africa repealed the Population Registration Act. The act had required that all South Africans for classified by race at birth.

Today’s birthday celebrants include (or included)…

  • Edward I 1239
  • John Wesley 1703
  • George Cormack 1870
  • James Weldon Johnson 1871
  • Igor Stravinsky 1882
  • Ruth Graves Wakefield 1903
  • Ralph Bellamy 1904
  • Red Foley 1910
  • John Hersey 1914
  • Elroy Hirsch 1923
  • Peter Lupus 1932
  • Dickie Doo 1939
  • Norman Kuhlke 1942
  • Newt Gingrich 1943
  • Barry Manilow 1946
  • Joe Piscopo 1951
  • Dave Fortier 1951
  • Mark Linn-Baker 1953
  • Bobby Farrelly 1954
  • Thomas Haden Church 1961
  • Greg Kinnear 1963
  • Dan Jansen 1965
  • Jason Patric 1966