Almanac - Friday 3/15/19 | KALW

Almanac - Friday 3/15/19

Mar 15, 2019

"Beware, Caesar, the Ides of March!"

Today is Friday, March 15, 2019, the 74th day of the year.  5 days until spring, and a mere 599 days until the next presidential election.    

  • Sunrise: 7:21am    
  • Sunset: 7:17pm ...giving us 11 hours and 56 minutes of daylight.  A mere 54% of the waxing moon visible, rising at 1:23pm.

Tides at the Golden Gate         

  • High: 6:37am/9:22pm    
  • Low: 12:28am/1:45pm

Special celebrations & commemorations today…

  • Constitution Day - Belarus
  • National Day Hungary
  • Buzzards Day
  • Ides of March
  • International Day of Action Against Canadian Seal Slaughter
  • National Day of Action Against Bullying and Violence
  • National Shoe The World Day
  • True Confessions Day
  • World Consumer Rights Day
  • World Sleep Day
  • Pears Helene Day
  • Everything You Think You Know is Wrong Day

On this day in…

44 BC - Roman Emperor Julius Caesar was assassinated by high ranking Roman Senators. The day is known as the "Ides of March."

1341 - During the Hundred Years War, an alliance was signed between Roman Emperor Louis IV and France's Philip VI.

1493 - Christopher Columbus returned to Spain after his first New World voyage.

1778 - In command of two frigates, the Frenchman la Perouse sailed east from Botany Bay for the last lap of his voyage around the world.

1781 - During the American Revolution, the Battle of Guilford Courthouse took place in North Carolina. British General Cornwallis' 1,900 soldiers defeated an American force of 4,400.

1820 - Maine was admitted as the 23rd state of the Union.

1862 - General John Hunt Morgan began four days of raids near the city of Gallatin, TN.

1864 - Red River Campaign began as the Union forces reach Alexandria, LA.

1875 - The Roman Catholic Archbishop of New York, John McCloskey, was named the first American cardinal.

1877 - The first cricket test between Australia and England was played in Melbourne. Australia won by 45 runs.

1892 - New York State unveiled the new automatic ballot voting machine.

1892 - Jesse W. Reno patented the Reno Inclined Elevator. It was the first escalator.

1900 - In Paris, Sarah Bernhardt starred in the premiere of Edmond Rostand's "L'Aiglon."

1901 - German Chancellor von Bulow declared that an agreement between Russia and China over Manchuria would violate the Anglo-German accord of October 1900.

1903 - The British conquest of Nigeria was completed. 500,000 square miles were now controlled by the U.K.

1904 - Three hundred Russians were killed as the Japanese shelled Port Arthur in Korea.

1907 - In Finland, woman won their first seats in the Finnish Parliament. They took their seats on May 23.

1910 - Otto Kahn offered $500,000 for a family portrait by Dutch artist Frans Hals. Kahn had outbid J.P. Morgan for the work.

1913 - U.S. President Woodrow Wilson held the first open presidential news conference.

1916 - U.S. President Woodrow Wilson sent 12,000 troops, under General Pershing, over the border of Mexico to pursue bandit Pancho Villa. The mission failed.

1917 - Russian Czar Nicholas II abdicated himself and his son. His brother Grand Duke succeeded as czar.

1919 - The American Legion was founded in Paris.

1922 - Fuad I assumed the title of king of Egypt after the country gained nominal independence from Britain.

1935 - Joseph Goebbels, German Minister of Propaganda banned four Berlin newspapers.

1937 - In Chicago, IL, the first blood bank to preserve blood for transfusion by refrigeration was established at the Cook County Hospital.

1938 - Oil was discovered in Saudi Arabia.

1939 - German forces occupied Bohemia and Moravia, and part of Czechoslovakia.

1944 - Cassino, Italy, was destroyed by Allied bombing.

1946 - British Premier Attlee offered India full independence after agreement on a constitution.

1948 - Sir Laurence Olivier was on the cover of "LIFE" magazine for his starring role in Shakespeare’s "Hamlet."

1949 - Clothes rationing in Great Britain ended nearly four years after the end of World War II.

1951 - General de Lattre demanded that Paris send him more troops for the fight in Vietnam.

1951 - The Persian parliament voted to nationalize the oil industry.

1954 - CBS television debuted its "Morning Show."

1955 - The U.S. Air Force unveiled a self-guided missile.

1956 - The musical "My Fair Lady" opened on Broadway.

1960 - The first underwater park was established as Key Largo Coral Reef Preserve.

1964 - In Montreal, Richard Burton and Elizabeth Taylor were married.

1968 - The U.S. mint halted the practice of buying and selling gold.

1974 - The Emerson, Lake and Palmer movie "Pictures at an Exhibition" premiered in Los Angeles, CA

1977 - The U.S. House of Representatives began a 90-day test to determine the feasibility of showing its sessions on television.

1982 - Nicaragua's ruling junta proclaimed a month-long state of siege and suspended the nation's constitution for one day. This came a day after anti-government rebels destroyed two bridges near the Honduran border.

1985 - In Brazil, two decades of military rule came to an end with the installation of a civilian government.

1989 - The U.S. Department of Veteran's Affairs became the 14th Department in the President's Cabinet.

1990 - Mikhail Gorbachev was elected the first executive president of the Soviet Union.

1990 - The Soviet parliament ruled that Lithuania's declaration of independence was invalid and that Soviet law was still in force in the Baltic republic.

1991 - Four Los Angeles police officers were indicted in the beating of Rodney King on March 3, 1991. (California)

1994 - U.S. President Clinton extended the moratorium on nuclear testing until September of 1995.

1998 - More than 15,000 ethnic Albanians marched in Yugoslavia to demand independence for Kosovo.

2002 - Libyan Abdel Baset Ali Mohmed Al-Megrahi began his life sentence in a Scottish jail for his role in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 on December 21, 1988.

2002 - U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell told the Associated Press that the U.S. would stand by a 24-year pledge not to use nuclear arms against states that don't have them.

Today’s birthday celebrants include (or included)...

  • Andrew Jackson 1767
  • Emil von Behring 1854 - Physiologist
  • Jimmy McPartland 1907 - Musician
  • Samuel "Lightnin" Hopkins 1912 - Singer, guitarist
  • Macdonald Carey 1913 - Actor ("Days of Our Lives")
  • Harry James 1916 - Musician
  • Norm Van Brocklin 1926 - Football player
  • Carl Smith 1927 - Musician
  • Alan L. Bean 1932 - Astronaut
  • Cecil Taylor 1933 - Piano player
  • Judd Hirsch 1935 - Actor ("Taxi")
  • Jimmy Lee Swaggart 1935 - Pastor
  • Phil Lesh 1940 - Musician (The Grateful Dead)
  • Mike Love 1941 - Musician (The Beach Boys)
  • David Costell 1944 - Musician (Gary Lewis & The Playboys)
  • Sly Stone 1944 - Musician (Sly & the Family Stone)
  • Tracy Smith 1945 - Runner
  • Bobby Bonds 1946 - Baseball player
  • Howard Scott 1946 - Musician (War)
  • Ry Cooder 1947 - Musician
  • Dee Snider 1953 - Musician (Twisted Sister)
  • Craig Wasson 1954 - Actor
  • Park Overall 1957 - Actress
  • Harold Baines 1959 - Baseball player
  • Fabio 1961 - Model
  • Terry Cummings 1961 - Basketball player
  • Terence Trent D'Arby 1962 - Singer
  • Bret Michaels 1963 - Musician (Poison)
  • Rockwell (Kenneth Gordy) 1964 - Singer
  • Mark McGrath 1968 - Singer (Sugar Ray)
  • Eva Longoria Parker 1975 - Actress ("Desperate Housewives")
  • will.i.am 1975 - Musician (Black Eyed Peas)
  • Joseph "Joe" Hahn 1977 - Musician (Linkin Park)
  • Kellan Lutz 1985 - Actor ("Twilight")
  • Caitlin Wachs 1989 - Actress ("Thirteen Days")