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Almanac - Tuesday 12/1/20

Rosa Parks, by flickr user Chica ;)

Today is Rosa Parks Day...

Today is Tuesday, the 1st of December of 2020

December 1 is the 336th day of the year.

30 days remain until the end of the year.

20 days until winter begins

The sun rises at 7:08 am

and the sun sets at 4:51 pm.

We will have 9 hours and 43 minutes of daylight, today.

Solar noon will be at 11:59 am.

The first high tide was at 12:59 am

The first low tide was at 5:21 am

The next high tide at 11:19 am.

and the final low tide at Aquatic Park will be at 6:06 pm.

The Moon is 98.6% visible; a Waning Gibbous

Last Quarter Moon in 6 days on Monday the 7th of December of 2020 at 4:37 pm

Today is…

Bifocals at the Monitor Liberation Day

Civil Air Patrol Day

Day Without Art

Eat a Red Apple Day

Giving Tuesday

National Christmas Lights Day

National Pie Day

Rosa Parks Day

Wear a Dress Day

World AIDS Day

World Trick Shot Day

Today is also…

Battle of the Sinop Day in Russia

Damrong Rajanubhab Day in Thailand

First President Day in Kazakhstan

Freedom and Democracy Day in Chad

Great Union Day, celebrates the Union of Transylvania with Romania in 1918.

Military Abolition Day in Costa Rica

National Day in Myanmar

Republic Day in Central African Republic

Restoration of Independence Day in Portugal

Rosa Parks Day in Ohio and Oregon

Self-governance Day or Fullveldisdagurinn on Iceland

Teachers' Day in Panama

on this day in history….

1662 – Diarist John Evelyn records skating on the frozen lake in St James's Park, London, watched by Charles II and Queen Catherine.

1824 – United States presidential election: Since no candidate received a majority of the total electoral college votes in the election, the United States House of Representatives is given the task of deciding the winner in accordance with the Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution.

1834 – Slavery is abolished in the Cape Colony in accordance with the Slavery Abolition Act 1833.

1862 – In his State of the Union Address President Abraham Lincoln reaffirms the necessity of ending slavery as ordered ten weeks earlier in the Emancipation Proclamation.

1865 – Shaw University, the first historically black university in the southern United States, is founded in Raleigh, North Carolina.

1913 – The Buenos Aires Metro, the first underground railway system in the Southern Hemisphere and in Latin America, begins operation.

1913 – Ford Motor Company introduces the first moving assembly line.

1919 – Lady Astor becomes the first female Member of Parliament to take her seat in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom. (She had been elected to that position on November 28.)

1952 – The New York Daily News reports the news of Christine Jorgensen, the first notable case of sex reassignment surgery.

1955 – In Montgomery, Alabama, seamstress Rosa Parks refuses to give up her bus seat to a white man and is arrested for violating the city's racial segregation laws, an incident which leads to that city's bus boycott.

1988 – World AIDS Day was proclaimed worldwide by the UN member states.

1989 – Cold War: East Germany's parliament abolishes the constitutional provision granting the Communist Party the leading role in the state.

1990 – Channel Tunnel sections started from the United Kingdom and France meet 40 metres beneath the seabed.

1991 – Cold War: Ukrainian voters overwhelmingly approve a referendum for independence from the Soviet Union.

2000 – Vicente Fox Quesada is inaugurated as the president of Mexico, marking the first peaceful transfer of executive federal power to an opposing political party following a free and democratic election in Mexico's history.

2019 – First known case of COVID-19 appears.

…and if today is your birthday, Happy Birthday To You!  You share this special day with…

1792 – Nikolai Lobachevsky, Russian mathematician and geometer (d. 1856)

1886 – Rex Stout, American detective novelist (d. 1975)

1886 – Zhu De, Chinese general and politician, 1st Vice Chairman of the People's Republic of China (d. 1976)

1896 – Georgy Zhukov, Russian general and politician, 2nd Minister of Defence for the Soviet Union (d. 1974)

1913 – Mary Martin, American actress and singer (d. 1990)

1923 – Dick Shawn, American actor (d. 1987)

1923 – Stansfield Turner, American admiral and academic, 12th Director of Central Intelligence (d. 2018)

1933 – Lou Rawls, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor (d. 2006)

1934 – Billy Paul, American soul singer (d. 2016)

1935 – Woody Allen, American actor, director, and screenwriter

1939 – Lee Trevino, American golfer and sportscaster

1940 – Richard Pryor, American comedian, actor, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2005)

1945 – Bette Midler, American singer-songwriter, actress and producer

1946 – Jonathan Katz, American comedian and actor

1946 – Gilbert O'Sullivan, Irish singer-songwriter and pianist

1949 – Pablo Escobar, Colombian drug lord and narcoterrorist (d. 1993)

1951 – Jaco Pastorius, American bass player, songwriter, and producer (d. 1987)

1970 – Sarah Silverman, American comedian, actress, and singer

1976 – Laura Ling, American journalist and author

1985 – Janelle Monáe, American singer-songwriter and producer