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Arts & Culture

Almanac - Tuesday 7/31/18

avocado.jpg
Avocado health facts and a delicious recipe: livinspoonful.com/2013/05/avocado/ Photo by Flickr user You As A Machine

Today is Tuesday, the 31th of July of 2018. It is the 212th day of the year.

There are 153 days remaining until the end of the year.

53 days until autumn begins ...

98 days until mid-terms Tuesday November 06 2018

(3 months and 6 days from today)

826 days until presidential elections Tuesday November 3, 2020

(2 years 3 months and 3 days from today)

The sun rises at 6:13 am 

and sunset will be at 8:18 pm.

We will have 14 hours and 5 minutes of daylight.

Solar noon will be at 1:15 pm.

The first high tide will be at 1:45 am 

The first low tide will be at 8:15 am 

and the next high tide at 3:20 pm.

and the next low tide at 8:33 pm.

A low-to-medium pollen count for the week, up and down, between 3.7 and 4.3

The Moon is currently 88.3% visible; a Waning Gibbous

Moon Direction: ↑ 196.59° SSW

Moon Altitude: 42.21°

Moon Distance: 248676 mi

 

Next New Moon: Saturday August 11, 2018 at 2:57 am

Next Full Moon: Sunday August 26, 2018 at 4:56 am

Next Moonset: Today at 9:41 am

Today is…

National Avocado Day

National Cotton Candy Day

National Jump for Jelly Beans Day

National Mutt Day

National Raspberry Cake Day

Shredded Wheat Day

Uncommon Instrument Awareness Day

World Ranger Day

It’s also…

End of the Trinity term (sitting of the High Court of Justice of England)

Ka Hae Hawaiʻi Day in Hawaii

Martyrdom Day of Shahid Udham Singh in Haryana and Punjab states, India

Treasury Day in Poland

Warriors' Day in Malaysia

If today is your birthday, Happy Birthday To You!  You share this day with…

1886 – Fred Quimby, American animator and producer (d. 1965)

1892 – Herbert W. Armstrong, American evangelist and publisher, founded Worldwide Church of God (d. 1986)

1912 – Milton Friedman, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2006)

1918 – Hank Jones, American pianist, composer, and bandleader (d. 2010)

1919 – Curt Gowdy, American sportscaster and actor (d. 2006)

1919 – Primo Levi, Italian chemist and author (d. 1987)

1923 – Ahmet Ertegun, Turkish-American songwriter and producer, founded Atlantic Records (d. 2006)

1929 – Lynne Reid Banks, English author

1931 – Kenny Burrell, American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1932 – Ted Cassidy, American actor and screenwriter (d. 1979)

1943 – William Bennett, American journalist and politician, 3rd United States Secretary of Education

1944 – Geraldine Chaplin, American actress and screenwriter

1951 – Evonne Goolagong Cawley, Australian tennis player

1952 – Faye Kellerman, American author

1958 – Mark Cuban, American businessman and television personality

1959 – Stanley Jordan, American guitarist, pianist, and songwriter

1962 – Wesley Snipes, American actor and producer

1965 – J. K. Rowling, English author and film producer; created Harry Potter

…and on this day in history…

781 – The oldest recorded eruption of Mount Fuji (Traditional Japanese date: 6th day of the 7th month of the 1st year of the Ten'o (天応) era).

1703 – Daniel Defoe is placed in a pillory for the crime of seditious libel after publishing a politically satirical pamphlet, but is pelted with flowers.

In 1777, during the Revolutionary War, the Marquis de Lafayette, a 19-year-old French nobleman, was made a major-general in the American Continental Army.

1790 – The first U.S. patent is issued, to inventor Samuel Hopkins for a potash process.

1865 – The first narrow-gauge mainline railway in the world opens at Grandchester, Queensland, Australia.

1874 – Dr. Patrick Francis Healy became the first African-American inaugurated as president of a predominantly white university, Georgetown University.

In 1919, Germany's Weimar (VY'-mahr) Constitution was adopted by the republic's National Assembly.

In 1948, President Harry S. Truman helped dedicate New York International Airport (later John F. Kennedy International Airport) at Idlewild Field.

1948 – USS Nevada is sunk by an aerial torpedo after surviving hits from two atomic bombs (as part of post-war tests) and being used for target practice by three other ships.

In 1954, Pakistan's K2 was conquered as two members of an Italian expedition, Achille Compagnoni (ah-KEE'-lay kohm-pahn-YOH'-nee) and Lino Lacedelli (LEE'-noh lah-chee-DEHL'-ee), reached the summit.

In 1957, the Distant Early Warning Line, a system of radar stations designed to detect Soviet bombers approaching North America, went into operation.

In 1964, the American space probe Ranger 7 reached the moon, transmitting pictures back to Earth before impacting the lunar surface.

In 1970, "The Huntley-Brinkley Report" came to an end after nearly 14 years as co-anchor Chet Huntley signed off for the last time; the broadcast was renamed "NBC Nightly News."

1970 – Black Tot Day: The last day of the officially sanctioned rum ration in the Royal Navy.

In 1971, Apollo 15 crew members David Scott and James Irwin became the first astronauts to use a lunar rover on the surface of the moon.

In 1972, Democratic vice-presidential candidate Thomas Eagleton withdrew from the ticket with George McGovern following disclosures that Eagleton had once undergone psychiatric treatment.

On July 31, 1991, President George H.W. Bush and Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev signed the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty in Moscow.

In 1992, the former Soviet republic of Georgia was admitted to the United Nations as its 179th member.

1999 – Discovery ProgramLunar ProspectorNASA intentionally crashes the spacecraft into the Moon, thus ending its mission to detect frozen water on the moon's surface.

2006 – Fidel Castro hands over power to his brother, Raúl.

Ten years ago, in 2008,

Scientists reported the Phoenix spacecraft had confirmed the presence of frozen water in Martian soil.

2012 – Michael Phelps breaks the record set in 1964 by Larisa Latynina for the most medals won at the Olympics.

Five years ago, in 2013,

President Barack Obama's national security team acknowledged for the first time that, when investigating one suspected terrorist, it could read and store the phone records of millions of Americans.

One year ago, in 2017,

Retired Marine Gen. John Kelly was sworn in as White House chief of staff, replacing Reince Priebus. Hours later, White House communications director Anthony Scaramucci was let go, just 11 days after he was appointed to the job.

Former Arizona sheriff Joe Arpaio was convicted of a criminal charge for refusing to stop traffic patrols that targeted immigrants. (Arpaio was later pardoned by President Donald Trump.)

The Trump administration slapped financial sanctions on Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro after a weekend election that gave his ruling party virtually unlimited powers.

Los Angeles reached a deal with international Olympic leaders to host the 2028 Summer Games. (The games were officially awarded to Los Angeles in September.)