Almanac ~ Thursday, 4/20/17
It's Lima Bean Appreciation Day!
Today is Thursday, April 20, 2017 the 109th day of the year with 255 days remaining.
- Sunrise: 6:27am
- Sunset: 7:50pm
...giving us 13 hours and 23 minutes of daylight. 46% of the waning moon will be visible, setting at 1:46pm.
Tides at the Golden Gate
- High: 6:51am
- Low: 1:28am/1:32pm
Special celebrations today…
- Chinese Language Day
- Get to Know Your Customers Day
- International Cli-Fi Day
- National Cheddar Fries Day
- National Pot Smokers Day
- High Five Day
- National Ask An Atheist Day
- National D.A.R.E. Day
- National Pineapple Upside Down Cake Day
- National Lima Bean Respect Day
On this day in…
1139 - The Second Lateran Council opened in Rome.
1534 - Jacques Cartier, a French explorer, set sail from St. Malo to explore the North American coastline.
1653 - In England, Oliver Cromwell expelled the Long Parliament for trying to pass the Perpetuation Bill that would have kept Parliament in the hands of only a few members.
1657 - English Admiral Robert Blake fought his last battle when he destroyed the Spanish fleet in Santa Cruz Bay.
1689 - The siege of Londonderry began. Supporters of James II attacked the city.
1769 - Ottawa Chief Pontiac was murdered by an Illinois Indian in Cahokia.
1775 - American troops began the siege of British-held Boston.
1792 - France declared war on Austria, Prussia, and Sardinia. It was the start of the French Revolutionary wars.
1809 - Napoleon defeated Austria at Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria.
1832 - Hot Springs National Park was established by an act of the U.S. Congress. It was the first national park in the U.S.
1836 - The U.S. territory of Wisconsin was created by the U.S. Congress.
1837 - Erastus B. Bigelow was granted a patent for his power loom.
1841 - In Philadelphia, PA, Edgar Allen Poe's first detective story, "The Murders in the Rue Morgue," was published in Graham's Magazine.
1861 - Robert E. Lee resigned from U.S. Army.
1865 - Safety matches were first advertised.
1879 - First mobile home (horse drawn) was used in a journey from London to Cyprus.
1902 - Scientists Marie and Pierre Curie isolated the radioactive element radium.
1912 - Fenway Park opened as the home of the Boston Red Sox.
1916 - Sir Roger Casement landed in Ireland to incite rebellion against the British. Casement, a British diplomat, was captured within hours and was hanged for high treason on August 3.
1916 - Chicago's Wrigley Field held its first Cubs game with the first National League game at the ballpark. The Cubs beat the Cincinnati Reds 7-6 in 11 innings.
1919 - The Polish Army captured Vilno, Lithuania from the Soviets.
1940 - The First electron microscope was demonstrated by RCA.
1942 - Pierre Laval, the premier of Vichy France, in a radio broadcast, establishes a policy of "true reconciliation with Germany."
1945 - Soviet troops began their attack on Berlin.
1945 - During World War II, Allied forces took control of the German cities of Nuremberg and Stuttgart.
1953 - Operation Little Switch began in Korea. It was the exchange of sick and wounded prisoners of war. Thirty Americans were freed.
1953 - The Boston marathon was won by Keizo Yamada with a record time of 2:18:51.
1959 - "Desilu Playhouse" on CBS-TV presented a two-part show titled "The Untouchables."
1961 - FM stereo broadcasting was approved by the FCC.
1962 - The New Orleans Citizens' Council offered a free one-way ride for blacks to move to northern states.
1967 - U.S. planes bombed Haiphong for first time during the Vietnam War.
1971 - The U.S. Supreme Court upheld the use of busing to achieve racial desegregation in schools.
1972 - The manned lunar module from Apollo 16 landed on the moon.
1977 - Woody Allen's film "Annie Hall" premiered.
1981 - A spokesman for the U.S. Nave announced that the U.S. was accepting full responsibility for the sinking of the Nissho Maru on April 9.
1982 - The Activision game Pitfall! was released for the Atari 2600 game system.
1984 - Britain announced that its administration of Hong Kong would cease in 1997.
1985 - In Madrid, Santiago Carillo was purged from the Communist Party. Carillo was a founder of Eurocommunism.
1987 - In Argentina, President Raul Alfonsin quelled a military revolt.
1988 - The U.S. Air Forces' Stealth (B-2 bomber) was officially unveiled.
1989 - Scientist announced the successful testing of high-definition TV.
1991 - Mikhail Gorbachev became the first Soviet head of state to visit South Korea.
1992 - The worlds largest fair, Expo '92, opened in Seville, Spain.
1998 - Kenyan runner Moses Tanui, 32, won the Boston Marathon for the second time. He also registered the third fastest time with 2 hours 7 minutes and 34 seconds.
1999 - Jane Seymour received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
Today’s birthday celebrants include (or included)...
- Phillip Pinel 1745
- Napoleon III 1808 - Emperor of France
- Daniel Chester French 1850 - Sculptor, created Minute Man statue in Concord, MA, Abraham Lincoln seated in the Lincoln Memorial, Washington, DC
- Adolf Hitler 1889 - German leader during World War II
- Joan Miro 1893 - Artist
- Harold Lloyd 1893 - Comedian, actor ("For Heaven's Sake")
- Norman Norell (Norman David Levinson) 1900 - Costume designer, fashion designer
- Lionel Hampton 1908 - Singer, songwriter, jazz musician, bandleader
- Tito (Ernest) Puente 1923 - Jazz musician, bandleader
- Nina Foch (Nina Consuelo Maud Fock) 1924 - Actress ("Spartacus", "An American in Paris")
- Leslie Philips 1924 - Actor ("Harry Potter" films)
- Henri Renaud 1925 - Jazz musician, pianist, record producer
- Elena Verdugo 1926 - Actress ("Little Giants", "Meet Millie")
- Phil Hill 1927 - Auto racer
- Bob (Robert Earl) Braun 1929 - Television host ("The Bob Braun Show"), actor ("Die Hard 2", "The Young and the Restless")
- Beaver Harris (William Godwin Harris) 1936 - Musician
- George Takei 1937 - Actor ("Star Trek", "Star Trek" movie series)
- Johnny Tillotson 1939 - Singer
- Ryan O'Neal 1941 - Actor ("Love Story", "Peyton Place")
- Michael Brandon (Feldman) 1945 - Actor ("Red Alert", "Promises in the Dark")
- Jimmy Winston (Langwith) 1945 - Musician (Moments, Small Faces)
- Steve Spurrier 1945 - Football player
- Tom (Thomas George) Hutton 1946 - Baseball player
- Brian Lavender 1947 - Hockey player
- David Leland 1947 - Actor ("Time Bandits"), director
- Joe Bonner 1948 - Jazz pianist, composer
- Craig Frost 1948 - Musician (Grand Funk Railroad)
- Jessica Lange 1949 - Actress ("Tootsie", "Blue Sky")
- Luther Vandross 1951 - Singer, songwriter
- Denis Leary 1958 - Actor
- Clint Howard 1959 - Actor ("Backdraft", "Cocoon")
- Crispin Glover 1964 - Actor ("Dead Man", "Twister", "Back to the Future")
- Mike Portnoy 1967 - Musician, drummer (Dream Theater)
- Wade Hayes 1969
- Carmen Electra 1972 - Actress ("Baywatch"), singer/rapper
- Joey Lawrence 1976 - Actor ("Gimme a Break", "Blossom")