Almanac ~ Thursday, 3/3/16
63rd day of 2016, 303 days remaining. Happy Birthday to radio enthusiast Alexander Graham Bell!
41% of the waning moon will be visible tonight.
Tides at the Golden Gate:
Special Celebrations today include...
Declaration of Establishment of Authority of the People - Libya
Martyr's Day - Malawi
Mother's Day - Georgia
National Anthem Day - USA
National Day – Bulgaria, Morocco
National Unity Day - Sudan
Hina Matsuri (Doll Festival) - Japan
Fete Du Trone - Morocco
International Ear Care Day
World Book Day
World Wildlife Day
National Anthem Day
On this day in…
1791 - The U.S. Congress passed a resolution that created the U.S. Mint.
1803 - The first impeachment trial of a U.S. Judge, John Pickering, began.
1812 - The U.S. Congress passed the first foreign aid bill.
1817 - The first commercial steamboat route from Louisville to New Orleans was opened.
1845 - Florida became the 27th U.S. state.
1845 - The U.S. Congress passed legislation overriding a U.S. President’s veto. It was the first time the Congress had achieved this.
1845 - An Act of Congress established uniform postal rates throughout the nation. The act went into effect on July 1, 1845.
1849 - The U.S. Department of the Interior was established.
1849 - The Gold Coinage Act was passed by the U.S. Congress. It allowed the minting of gold coins.
1849 - The U.S. Congress created the territory of Minnesota.
1851 - The U.S. Congress authorized the 3-cent piece. It was the smallest U.S. silver coin.
1857 - Britain and France declared war on China.
1863 - Free city delivery of mail was authorized by the U.S. Postal Service.
1875 - The U.S. Congress authorized the 20-cent piece. It was only used for 3 years.
1878 - Russia and the Ottomans signed the treaty of San Stenafano. The treaty granted independence to Romania, Serbia, Montenegro, and the autonomy of Bulgaria.
1885 - The American Telephone and Telegraph (AT&T) was incorporated in New York as a subsidiary of the American Bell Telephone Company.
1885 - The U.S. Post Office began offering special delivery for first-class mail.
1894 - The "Atlantis" was first published. It was the first Greek newspaper in America.
1900 - Striking miners in Germany returned to work.
1903 - In St. Louis, MO, Barney Gilmore was arrested for spitting.
1903 - The U.S. imposed a $2 head tax on immigrants.
1904 - Wilhelm II of Germany made the first recording of a political document with Thomas Edison's cylinder.
1905 - The Russian Czar agreed to create an elected assembly.
1906 - A Frenchman tried the first flight in an airplane with tires.
1908 - The U.S. government declared open war on U.S. anarchists.
1909 - Aviators Herring, Curtiss and Bishop announced that airplanes would be made commercially in the U.S.
1910 - J.D. Rockefeller Jr. announced his withdrawal from business to administer his father's fortune for an "uplift in humanity". He also appealed to the U.S. Congress for the creation of the Rockefeller Foundation.
1910 - In New York, Robert Forest founded the National Housing Association to fight deteriorating urban living conditions.
1910 - Nicaraguan rebels admitted defeat in open war and resorted to guerrilla tactics in the hope of U.S. intervention.
1915 - The motion picture "Birth of a Nation" debuted in New York City.
1918 - The Treaty of Brest Litovsky was signed by Germany, Austria and Russia. The treaty ended Russia's participation in World War I.
1923 - The first issue of Time magazine was published.
1931 - The "Star Spangled Banner," written by Francis Scott Key, was adopted as the American national anthem. The song was originally a poem known as "Defense of Fort McHenry."
1938 - A world record for the indoor mile run was set by Glenn Cunningham. He ran the distance in 4 minutes, 4.4 seconds.
1939 - In Bombay, Ghandi began a fast to protest the state's autocratic rule.
1941 - Moscow denounced the Axis rule in Bulgaria.
1945 - Superman encountered Batman and Robin for the first time on the Mutual Broadcasting System.
1945 - During World War II, Finland declared war on the Axis.
1952 - The U.S. Supreme Court upheld New York's Feinberg Law that banned Communist teachers in the U.S.
1956 - Morocco gained its independence.
1959 - The San Francisco Giants had their new stadium officially named Candlestick Park.
1969 - Apollo 9 was launched by NASA to test a lunar module.
1969 - Sirhan Sirhan testified in a Los Angeles court that he killed Robert Kennedy.
1972 - NASA's Pioneer 10 spacecraft was launched.
1973 - Japan disclosed its first defense plan since World War II.
1974 - About 350 people died when a Turkish Airlines DC-10 crashed just after takeoff from Orly Airport in Paris.
1978 - The remains of Charles Chaplin were stolen from his grave in Cosier-sur-Vevey, Switzerland. The body was recovered 11 weeks later near Lake Geneva.
1980 - The submarine Nautilus was decommissioned. The vessels final voyage had ended on May 26, 1979.
1987 - The U.S. House of Representatives rejected a package of $30 million in non-lethal aid for the Nicaraguan Contras.
1991 - 25 people were killed when a United Airlines Boeing 737-200 crashed while on approach to the Colorado Springs airport.
1991 - Rodney King was severely beaten by Los Angeles police officers. The scene was captured on amateur video.
1994 - The Mexican government reached a peace agreement with the Chiapas rebels.
1995 - A U.N. peacekeeping mission in Somalia ended. Several gunmen were killed by U.S. Marines in Mogadishu while overseeing the pull out of peacekeepers.
1999 - In Egypt, 19 people were killed when a bus plunged into a Nile canal.
1999 - Bertrand Piccard and Brian Jones began their attempt to circumnavigate the Earth in a hot air balloon non-stop. They succeeded on March 20, 1999.
Today’s birthday celebrants include (or included)…
Alexander Graham Bell 1847
Shalom Alekhem 1859
Rupert Brooke 1887
Matthew Ridgway 1895
Mayo Methot 1904
Jean Harlow 1911
Robert Whitehead 1916
Julius Boros 1920
James Doohan 1920
Willie Chambers 1938
John Thomas 1941
Mike Pender 1942
Jance Garfat 1944
George Miller 1945
Jennifer Warnes 1947
Dave Mount 1947
David Pritchard 1949
Blue Weaver 1949
Tim Kazurinsky 1950
Robyn Hitchcock 1953
Dale Bozzio 1955
Miranda Richardson 1958
Mary Page Keller 1961
Herschel Walker 1962
Jackie Joyner-Kersee 1962
Brian Leetch 1968
John Bingham 1969
Julia Bowen 1970
David Faustino 1974