Almanac ~ Friday, 2/12/16
43rd Day of 2016, 323 Remaining
Spring Begins in 36 Days
Sunrise: 7:03am Sunset: 5:45pm
10 Hours 42 Minutes of sunlight today
Moon Rise: 9:40am, 13% visible, waxing Moon Set: 10:47pm
Tides at the Golden Gate
Special Celebrations today include…
Isra and Merag - Sudan
Union of Myanmar - Myanmar
Youth Day - Venezuela
International Darwin Day
Paul Bunyan Day
Safety Pup Day
National Plum Pudding Day
St. Julian the Hospitaler, patron of travelers and innkeepers, is celebrated today
On this day in…
1541 - The city of Santiago, Chile was founded.
1554 - Lady Jane Grey was beheaded after being charged with treason. She had claimed the throne of England for only nine days.
1733 - Savannah, GA, was founded by English colonist James Oglethorpe.
1870 - In the Utah Territory, women gained the right to vote.
1878 - Frederick W. Thayer patented the baseball catcher’s mask.
1879 - The first artificial ice rink opened in North America. It was at Madison Square Garden in New York City, NY.
1880 - The National Croquet League was organized in Philadelphia, PA.
1892 - In the U.S., President Lincoln's birthday was declared to be a national holiday.
1907 - A collision of the steamer Larchmont and a schooler resulted in the death of more than 300 people. The incident occurred off New England's Block Island.
1909 - The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was founded.
1912 - China's boy emperor HsuanT'ung announced that he was abdicating, ending the Manchu Ch'ing dynasty. Subsequently, the Republic of China was established.
1915 - The cornerstone of the Lincoln Memorial was laid in Washington, DC.
1918 - All theatres in New York City were shut down in an effort to conserve coal.
1924 - U.S. President Calvin Coolidge made the first presidential political speech on radio.
1924 - "The Eveready Hour" became radio’s first sponsored network program. The National Carbon Company was the first sponsor of a network show.
1934 - The Export-Import Bank was incorporated.
1940 - Mutual Radio presented the first broadcast of the radio play "The Adventures of Superman."
1968 - "Soul on Ice" by Eldridge Cleaver was published for the first time.
1971 - James Cash (J.C.) Penney died at the age of 95. The company closed for business for one-half day as a memorial to the company's founder.
1973 - The State of Ohio went metric, becoming the first in the U.S. to post metric distance signs.
1973 - American prisoners of war were released for the first time during the Vietnam conflict.
1985 - Johnny Carson surprised his audience by shaving the beard he had been wearing on "The Tonight Show."
1993 - In Liverpool, England, a 2-year-old boy, James Bulger, was lured away from his mother at a shopping mall and beaten to death. Two ten-year-old boys were responsible.
1998 - A U.S. federal judge declared that the presidential line-item veto was unconstitutional.
1999 - U.S. President Clinton was acquitted by the U.S. Senate on two impeachment articles. The charges were perjury and obstruction of justice.
2001 - The space probe NEAR landed on the asteroid Eros. It was the first time that any craft had landed on a small space rock.
2002 - Kenneth Lay, former Enron CEO, exercised his constitutional rights and refused to testify to the U.S. Congress about the collapse of Enron.
2002 - The trial of former Yugoslav President SlobodanMilosevic began at the U.N. tribunal in The Hague. Milosevic was accused of war crimes during the Balkan wars of the 1990s.
2002 - Pakistan charged three men in connection with the kidnapping of Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl in Karachi.
2002 - Princess Stephanie of Monaco and Franco Knie won a defamation-of-character lawsuit against the Swiss magazine "Facts." The case involved a photomontage created by the magazine.
2003 - The U.N. nuclear agency declared North Korea in violation of international treaties. The complaint was sent to the Security Council.
2004 - Mattel announced that "Barbie" and "Ken" were breaking up. The dolls had met on the set of their first television commercial together in 1961.
2013 - North Korea conducted its third underground nuclear test.
Birthday celebrants today include (or included)…
John Winthrop 1588
Charles Darwin 1809
Abraham Lincoln 1809
Anna Pavlova 1881
Ted Mack (William Maguiness) 1904
Tex (Gordon) Beneke 1914
Lorne Green 1915
Dom DiMaggio 1917
Forrest Tucker 1919
Mel Powell 1923
Franco Zeffirelli 1923
Joe Garagiola 1926
Bill Russell 1934
Gene McDaniels 1935
Joe Don Baker 1936 - Actor
Judy Blume 1938
Raymond Manzarek 1939
Moe Bandy 1944
Charles Pasarell 1944
Maud Adams 1945
Cliff DeYoung 1945
Joe Schermie 1948
Michael Ironside 1950
Steve Hackett 1950
Michael McDonald 1952
Simon MacCorkindale 1952
Joanna Kerns 1953
Arsenio Hall 1955
Christine Elise 1965
Josh Brolin 1968
Chynna Phillips 1968
Jim Creeggan (Barenaked Ladies)1970
Keri Lewis 1971
Jesse Spencer 1979
Juan Carlos 1980
Christina Ricci 1980