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Arts & Culture

Thursday, February 4, 2016

sc1957.jpg
19lbs of "portable" Smith Corona introduced on this day in 1957.

Sunrise:  7:11am   ~   Sunset: 5:36pm

25% of the waning moon is visible, setting this afternoon at 2:05pm

Tides at the Golden Gate:

High:  7:49am/9:58pm  Low: 1:37am/2:47pm

Special Commemorations today include...

Commencement of the Armed Struggle - Angola

Independence / National Day - Sri Lanka

It's also...

Facebook's Birthday

Medjoola Date Day

Quacker Day

USO Day

World Cancer Day

On this day in...

1783 - Britain declared a formal cessation of hostilities with its former colonies, the United States of America.

1789 - Electors unanimously chose George Washington to be the first president of the United States.

1824 - J.W. Goodrich introduced rubber galoshes to the public.

1847 - In Maryland, the first U.S. Telegraph Company was established.

1861 - Delegates from six southern states met in Montgomery, AL, to form the Confederate States of America.

1895 - The Van Buren Street Bridge opened in Chicago, IL.

1901 - "Captain Jinks of the Horse Marines" opened in New York City.

1904 - The Russo-Japanese War began after Japan laid siege to Port Arthur.

1913 - Louis Perlman received a patent for his demountable tire-carrying rims.

1932 - The first Winter Olympics were held in the United States at Lake Placid, NY.

1936 - Radium E. became the first radioactive substance to be produced synthetically.

1941 - The United Service Organizations (USO) was created.

1945 - During World War II, U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Josef Stalin began a conference at Yalta to outline plans for Germany's defeat.

1948 - Ceylon gained independence within the British Commonwealth. The country later became known as Sri Lanka.

1952 - Jackie Robinson was named Director of Communication for NBC. He was the first black executive of a major radio-TV network.

1953 - "The Stooge" premiered at the Paramount Theatre in New York City.

1957 - Smith-Corona Manufacturing Inc., of New York, began selling portable electric typewriters. The first machine weighed 19 pounds.

1964 - The Administrator of General Services announced that the 24th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution had been ratified. The amendment banned the poll tax.

1968 - The world's largest hovercraft was launched at Cowes, Isle of Wight.

1973 - The Reshef was unveiled as Israel's missile boat.

1974 - Patricia (Patty) Hearst was kidnapped in Berkeley, CA, by the Symbionese Liberation Army.

1976 - An earthquake in Guatemala and Honduras killed more than 22,000 people.

1985 - U.S. President Ronald Reagan's defense budget called for a tripling of the expenditure on the "Star Wars" research program.

1993 - Russian scientists unfurled a giant mirror in orbit and flashed a beam of sunlight across Europe during the night. Observers saw it only as a momentary flash.

1997 - A civil jury in California found O.J. Simpson liable in the death of his ex-wife Nicole Brown Simpson and Ron Goldman. Goldman's parents were awarded $8.5 million in compensatory damages.

1997 - Two Israeli troop-carrying helicopters collided on their way to Lebanon, all 73 soldiers and airmen aboard were killed.

1997 - President Milosevic of Serbia apparently surrendered to the will of his people, ordering his government to recognize opposition victories in local elections held in November 1996.

1998 - In northeast Afghanistan, at least 5,000 people were killed in an earthquake that measured 6.1 on the Richter Scale.

1999 - Warplanes from Israel attacked south Lebanon just after rockets were fired toward Israel. No casualies were claimed on either side.

1999 - Gary Coleman was sentenced to a $400 fine, a suspended 90-day jail sentence, and ordered to attend 52 anger-management classes. The sentence stemmed from Coleman assaulting an autograph seeker on July 30, 1998.

1999 - AmadouDiallo, an unarmed West African immigrant, was shot and killed in front of his Bronx home by four plainclothes New York City police officers. The officers had been conducting a nighttime search for a rape suspect.

2003 - Yugoslavia was formally dissolved by lawmakers. The country was replaced with a loose union of its remaining two republics, Serbia and Montenegro.

2004 - The social networking website Facebook.com was launched.

Birthday celebrants today include (or included)...

Mark Hopkins 1802

Fernand Léger 1881

Jacques Prévert 1900

Charles Lindbergh 1902

Byron Nelson 1912

Rosa Parks 1913

Dick Seaman 1913

William Talman 1915

Ida Lupino 1918

Betty Friedan 1921

Conrad Bain 1923

Gary Conway 1936

George A. Romero 1940

John Steel (The Animals) 1941

Cheryl Miller 1943

David Brenner 1945

Dan Quayle 1947

Alice Cooper 1948

Michael Beck 1949

Pamela Franklin 1950

Clint Black 1962