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National Chips & Dip Day-KALW Almanac-3/23-2016

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  • 83rd Day of 2016 283 Remaining
  • Summer Begins in 89 Days
  • Sunrise: 7:06
  • Sunset: 7:25
  • 12 Hours 19 Minutes
  • Moon Rise: 7:52pm
  • Moon Set: 7:20am
  • Full Moon @ 5:01am
  • As the temperature begins to warm and the ground begins to thaw, earthworm casts appear, heralding the return of the robins. The more northern tribes knew this Moon as the Full Crow Moon, when the cawing of crows signaled the end of winter; or the Full Crust Moon, because the snow cover becomes crusted from thawing by day and freezing at night. The Full Sap Moon, marking the time of tapping maple trees, is another variation. To the settlers, it was also known as the Lenten Moon, and was considered to be the last full Moon of winter.
  • Tides
  • High: 11:45am
  • Low: 5:41am/5:49pm
  • Rainfall (July 1 – June 30)
  • This Year: 20.38
  • Last Year: 17.13
  • YTD Avg.: 20.76
  • Annual Avg.: 23.80
  • Holidays
  • National Chip And Dip Day
  • Cuddly Kitten Day
  • National Melba Toast Day
  • National Puppy Day
  • OK Day
  • Near Miss Day  (1989 asteroid 500,000 miles)
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  • World Meteorological Day
  • Pakistan Day-Pakistan
  • Holy Wednesday-Christianity
  • On This Day
  • 1490 --- The first dated edition of Maimonides "Mishna Torah" was published.
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  • 1743 --- Handel's "Messiah" was performed in London for the first time at the Covent Garden theatre. It was presented under the name "New Sacred Oratorio" until 1749. 
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  • 1775 --- During a speech before the second Virginia Convention, Patrick Henry responds to the increasingly oppressive British rule over the American colonies by declaring, “I know not what course others may take, but as for me, give me liberty or give me death!” Following the signing of the American Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776, Patrick Henry was appointed governor of Virginia by the Continental Congress.
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  • 1806 --- After passing a wet and tedious winter near the Pacific Coast, Lewis and Clark happily leave behind Fort Clatsop and head east for home. The Corps of Discovery arrived at the Pacific the previous November, having made a difficult crossing over the rugged Rocky Mountains. Their winter stay on the south side of the Columbia River-dubbed Fort Clatsop in honor of the local Indians-had been plagued by rainy weather, thieving Indians, and a scarcity of fresh meat. No one in the Corps of Discovery regretted leaving Fort Clatsop behind.
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  • 1839 --- The initials “O.K.” are first published in The Boston Morning Post. Meant as an abbreviation for “oll korrect,” a popular slang misspelling of “all correct” at the time, OK steadily made its way into the everyday speech of Americans.
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  • 1840 --- The first successful photo of the Moon was taken.
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  • 1857 --- Elisha Otis installed the first modern passenger elevator in a public building. It was at the corner of Broome Street and Broadway in New York City. 
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  • 1912 --- The Dixie Cup was developed by Lawrence Luellen and Hugh Moore.  Its original name was the 'Health Kup,' changed to 'Dixie Cup' in 1919.  The name came from a line of dolls made by the Dixie Doll Company.
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  • 1918 --- An explosion in the Place de la Republique in Paris announces the first attack of a new German gun. The Pariskanone, or Paris gun, as it came to be known, was manufactured by Krupps; it was 210mm, with a 118-foot-long barrel, which could fire a shell the impressive distance of some 130,000 feet, or 25 miles, into the air. Three of them fired on Paris that day from a gun site at Crepy-en-Laonnaise, 74 miles away.
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  • 1944 --- On March 23 Italian partisans operating in Rome threw a bomb at an SS unit, killing 33 soldiers. The very next day, the Germans rounded up 335 Italian civilians and took them to the Adeatine caves. They were all shot dead as revenge for the SS soldiers. Of the civilian victims, 253 were Catholic, 70 were Jewish and the remaining 12 were unidentified.
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  • 1964 --- John Lennon's first book, "In His Own Write" was published. 
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  • 1965 --- America's first two-person space flight took off from Cape Kennedy with astronauts Virgil I. Grissom and John W. Young aboard. The craft was the Gemini 3. Young smuggled a corned beef sandwich aboard the first Gemini spacecraft flight.
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  • 1972 --- Evel Knievel broke 93 bones after successfully jumping 35 cars.
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  • 1981 --- In an address to the nation, President Ronald Reagan proposes that the United States embark on a program to develop antimissile technology that would make the country nearly impervious to attack by nuclear missiles. Reagan’s speech marked the beginning of what came to be known as the controversial Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI).
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  • 1994 --- Wayne Gretzky scores his 802nd goal, breaking his childhood idol Gordie Howe’s National Hockey League record for most goals scored in a career. Gretzky, known to hockey fans as “The Great One,” broke a total of 61 offensive records in his NHL career, including many previously held by “Mr. Hockey” Gordie Howe.
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  • 1994 --- Luis Donaldo Colosio, Mexico’s ruling party’s presidential candidate, is gunned down during a campaign rally in the northern border town of Tijuana. As a member of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), the political party that held power in Mexico for most of the 20th century, Colosio became the protÝgÝ of future Mexican president Carlos Salinas de Gortari and was elected to the Congress and Senate. In 1988, he was the campaign manager of Salinas’ successful presidential campaign and the same year was named PRI party head. In 1992, President Salinas appointed Colosio social development secretary. He became increasingly reform-minded in this capacity; although his promises to reduce Mexico’s widespread poverty failed to stop anti-government guerrilla activity in the state of Chiapas. Salinas designated Colosio his successor in late 1993, making him the PRI candidate and thus the favorite to win the presidential election scheduled for August 1994.
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  • 1998 --- By the time James Cameron took the stage to accept his Academy Award for Best Director on the night of March 23, 1998, the Oscar dominance of his blockbuster film Titanic was all but assured. Titanic tied the record for most Oscar nominations with 14—joining 1950’s All About Eve—and by night’s end would tie with Ben Hur (1959) for most wins by sweeping 11 categories, including the coveted Best Picture.
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  • 2010 --- President Barack Obama signed into law the Affordable Care Act, the most sweeping piece of federal legislation since Medicare was passed in 1965. 
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  • Birthdays
  • Joan Crawford
  • Fannie Farmer
  • Erich Fromm
  • Akira Kurosawa
  • Wernher Von Braun
  • Marty Allen
  • Roger Bannister
  • Ric Okasek
  • Amanda Plummer
  • Hope Davis
  • Jason Kidd