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National French Bread Day-KALW Almanac-3/21/2016

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  • 81st Day of 2016 285 Remaining
  • Summer Begins in 91 Days
  • Sunrise: 7:09
  • Sunset: 7:23
  • 12 Hours 14 Minutes
  • Moon Rise: 6:01pm
  • Moon Set: 6:17am
  • Phase: 97% 13 Days
  • Next Full Moon March 23 @ 5:01am
  • As the temperature begins to warm and the ground begins to thaw, earthworm casts appear, heralding the return of the robins. The more northern tribes knew this Moon as the Full Crow Moon, when the cawing of crows signaled the end of winter; or the Full Crust Moon, because the snow cover becomes crusted from thawing by day and freezing at night. The Full Sap Moon, marking the time of tapping maple trees, is another variation. To the settlers, it was also known as the Lenten Moon, and was considered to be the last full Moon of winter.
  • Tides
  • High: 10:25am/11:17pm
  • Low: 4:29am/4:46pm
  • Rainfall (July 1 – June 30)
  • This Year: 20.20
  • Last Year: 17.04
  • YTD Avg.: 20.58
  • Annual Avg.: 23.80
  • Holidays
  • National French Bread Day
  • Act Happy Day
  • Memory Day
  • California Strawberry Day
  • National Flower Day
  • National Fragrance Day
  • National Teenage Day
  • Single Parents Day
  • Common Courtesy Day
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  • World Down Syndrome Day
  • World Poetry Day
  • World Puppetry Day
  • Human Rights Day-South Africa
  • Mother’s Day-Syria/Egypt
  • National Tree Planting Day-Lesotho
  • Persian New Year
  • On This Day
  • 1788 --- Almost the entire city of New Orleans, LA, was destroyed by fire. 856 buildings were destroyed.
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  • 1804 --- After four years of debate and planning, French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte enacts a new legal framework for France, known as the “Napoleonic Code.” The civil code gave post-revolutionary France its first coherent set of laws concerning property, colonial affairs, the family, and individual rights.
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  • 1902 --- In New York, three Park Avenue mansions were destroyed when a subway tunnel roof caved in.
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  • 1904 --- The St. Francis Hotel opened in San Francisco.
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  • 1925 --- The state of Tennessee enacted the Butler Act. It was a law that made it a crime for a teacher in any state-supported public school to teach any theory that was in contradiction to the Bible's account of man's creation. 
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  • 1946 --- The Los Angeles Rams signed Kenny Washington. Washington (#13 below) was the first black player to join a National Football League team since 1933.
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  • 1952 --- The Moondog Coronation Ball, the first "rock 'n' roll" stage show, was held at the Cleveland Arena.
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  • 1960 --- In the black township of Sharpeville, near Johannesburg, South Africa, Afrikaner police open fire on a group of unarmed black South African demonstrators, killing 69 people and wounding 180 in a hail of submachine-gun fire. The demonstrators were protesting against the South African government’s restriction of nonwhite travel. In the aftermath of the Sharpeville massacre, protests broke out in Cape Town, and more than 10,000 people were arrested before government troops restored order.
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  • 1963 --- Alcatraz Prison in San Francisco Bay closes down and transfers its last prisoners. At it’s peak period of use in 1950s, “The Rock, or “”America’s Devil Island” housed over 200 inmates at the maximum-security facility. Alcatraz remains an icon of American prisons for its harsh conditions and record for being inescapable.
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  • 1965 --- In the name of African-American voting rights, 3,200 civil rights demonstrators, led by Martin Luther King Jr., begin a historic march from Selma, Alabama, to the state capitol at Montgomery. Federalized Alabama National Guardsmen and FBI agents were on hand to provide safe passage for the march, which twice had been turned back by Alabama state police at Selma’s Edmund Pettus Bridge.
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  • 1972 --- In Cambodia, more than 100 civilians are killed and 280 wounded as communist artillery and rockets strike Phnom Penh and outlying areas in the heaviest attack since the beginning of the war in 1970. Following the shelling, a communist force of 500 troops attacked and entered Takh Mau, six miles southeast of Pnom Penh, killing at least 25 civilians.
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  • 1976 --- Singer Claudine Longet, formerly the wife of Andy Williams, shot her boyfriend, world skiing champion Spider Sabich after he had tried to throw her and her three children out of his house. Longet was arrested for manslaughter.
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  • 1980 --- President Jimmy Carter informs a group of U.S. athletes that, in response to the December 1979 Soviet incursion into Afghanistan, the United States will boycott the 1980 Olympics in Moscow. It marked the first and only time that the United States has boycotted the Olympics.
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  • 1984 --- A section of Central Park is renamed 'Strawberry Fields' to honor John Lennon.
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  • 1987 --- The album "The Joshua Tree" by U2 was released.
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  • 1999 --- Bertrand Piccard and Brian Jones landed in the Egyptian desert, having completed the 1st 'Around the World' hot air balloon flight.  According to the BBC, they carried fresh food, including bread, cheese and pre-cooked steaks to last for 6 or 7 days, after which they made due with dried foods such as cereals and powdered milk.  The flight began in the Swiss Alps, took 19 days, 21 hours and 55 minutes, and covered 29,056 non-stop miles.
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  • 2002 --- In Paris, an 1825 print by French inventor Joseph Nicephore Niepce was sold for $443,220. The print, of a man leading a horse, was the earliest recorded image taken by photographic means.
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  • Birthdays
  • Julio Gallo
  • Florenz Zigfield
  • Johann Sebastian Bach
  • Benito Juarez
  • Alice Henry
  • Phyllis McGinley
  • John D Rockefeller III
  • Conrad Lozano
  • Gary Olman
  • Sabrina LaBeauf
  • Rosie O’Donnell
  • Matthew Broderick
  • Ronaldinho