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Artichoke Heart Day-KALW Almanac-3/16/2016

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  • 76th Day of 2016 290 Remaining
  • Spring Begins in 4 Days
  • Sunrise: 7:16
  • Sunset: 7:18
  • 12 Hours 2 Minutes
  • Moon Rise: 1:17pm
  • Moon Set: 2:52am
  • Phase: 60%
  • Next Full Moon January 23 @ 5:46pm
  • Full Wolf Moon Amid the cold and deep snows of midwinter, the wolf packs howled hungrily outside Indian villages. Thus, the name for January’s full Moon. Sometimes it was also referred to as the Old Moon, or the Moon After Yule. Some called it the Full Snow Moon, but most tribes applied that name to the next Moon.
  • Tides
  • High: 5:33am/7:47pm
  • Low: 12:46pm
  • Rainfall (July 1 – June 30)
  • This Year: 20.12
  • Last Year: 17.04
  • YTD Avg.: 20.10
  • Annual Avg.: 23.80
  • Holidays
  • National Artichoke Heart Day
  • Freedom Of Information Day
  • Liberty Day
  • Black Press Day
  • Curlew Day
  • Everything You Do Is Right Day
  • Kick Butts Day
  • Lips Appreciation Day
  •  
  • Loco Davi-Haiti
  • On This Day
  • 1190 --- Crusaders began the massacre of Jews in York, England. 
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  • 1521 --- Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reached the Philippines, where he was killed by natives the following month.
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  • 1802 --- The United States Military Academy–the first military school in the United States–is founded by Congress for the purpose of educating and training young men in the theory and practice of military science. Located at West Point, New York, the U.S. Military Academy is often simply known as West Point.
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  • 1850 --- "The Scarlet Letter" by Nathaniel Hawthorne was published.
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  • 1883 --- Susan Hayhurst graduated from the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy. She was the first woman pharmacy graduate. 
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  • 1915 --- Absinthe is outlawed in France and several other countries. Absinthe was a licorice/anise flavored liqueur that contained wormwood, and was 132 proof. The high alcohol content, and the presence of the toxic oil thujone from the wormwood, seemed to cause hallucinations, convulsions, and severe mental problems amongst hard core absinthe drinkers. Henry-Louis Pernod, who manufactured Absinthe, came out with the lower alcohol, wormwood free liqueur 'Pernod', to replace Absinthe.
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  • 1934 --- Walt Disney's 'The Three Little Pigs' won an Oscar for best Short Subject, Cartoon at the 6th Academy Awards.
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  • 1963 --- "Puff The Magic Dragon" was released by Peter, Paul and Mary.
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  • 1968 --- A platoon of American soldiers brutally kill between 200 and 500 unarmed civilians at My Lai, one of a cluster of small villages located near the northern coast of South Vietnam. During the Vietnam War, U.S. troops frequently bombed and shelled the province of Quang Ngai, believing it to be a stronghold for forces of the National Front for the Liberation of Vietnam, or Viet Cong (VC). In March 1968, a platoon of soldiers called Charlie Company received word that Viet Cong guerrillas had taken cover in the Quang Ngai village of Son My. Led by Lieutenant William L. Calley, the platoon entered one of the village’s four hamlets, My Lai 4, on a search-and-destroy mission on the morning of March 16. Instead of guerrilla fighters, they found unarmed villagers, most of them women, children and old men. The soldiers had been advised before the attack by army command that all who were found in My Lai could be considered VC or active VC sympathizers, and told to destroy the village. Still, they acted with extraordinary brutality, raping and torturing villagers before killing them and dragging dozens of people, including young children and babies, into a ditch and executing them with automatic weapons. The massacre reportedly ended when an Army helicopter pilot, Warrant Officer Hugh Thompson, landed his aircraft between the soldiers and the retreating villagers and threatened to open fire if they continued their attacks.
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  • 1978 --- Italian politician Aldo Moro was kidnapped by left-wing urban guerrillas. Moro was later murdered by the group. 
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  • 1978 --- One of the world’s worst supertanker disasters takes places when the Amoco Cadiz wrecks off the coast of Portsall, France. Although the 68 million gallons of oil that spilled from the Cadiz has since been exceeded by other spills, this remains the largest shipwreck in history.
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  • 1985 --- Terry Anderson, an Associated Press newsman, was taken hostage in Beirut. He was released in December 4, 1991.
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  • 1995 --- NASA astronaut Norman Thagard became the first American to visit the Russian space station Mir. 
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  • 2003 --- Rachel Corrie, a 23-year-old American, was killed when she was run over by a bulldozer while trying to block Israeli troops from demolishing a Palestinian home in Gaza.
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  • 2005 --- A judge in Redwood City, Calif., sent Scott Peterson to death row for the slaying of his pregnant wife, Laci.
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  • Birthdays
  • Andrew Hallidie
  • Maxim Gorky
  • Patti Griffin
  • James Madison (4th President)
  • Reza Pahlavi (Shah of Iran)
  • Josef Mengele
  • Vladimir Komarov
  • Henny Youngman
  • Jerry Lewis
  • Jerry Jeff Walker
  • Erik Estrada
  • Kate Nelligan
  • Ray Benson