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Peanut Butter Fudge Day-KALW Almanac-11/20/2015

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  • 324th Day of 2015 41 Remaining
  • Winter Begins in 31 Days
  • Sunrise: 6:55
  • Sunset: 4:55
  • 10 Hours 0 Minutes
  • Moon Rise: 1:42pm
  • Moon Set: 12:46am
  • Phase: 66% 9 Days
  • Next Full Moon November 25 @ 2:44pm
  • This was the time to set beaver traps before the swamps froze, to ensure a supply of warm winter furs. Another interpretation suggests that the name Full Beaver Moon comes from the fact that the beavers are now actively preparing for winter. It is sometimes also referred to as the Frosty Moon.
  • Tides
  • High: 5:53am/5:50pm
  • Low: 12:07pm/11:53pm
  • Holidays
  • National Peanut Butter Fudge Day
  • Future Teachers Of America Day
  • Name Your PC Day
  • National Absurdity Day
  • Transgender Day Of Remembrance
  • Beautiful Day
  •  
  • Universal Children’s Day
  • Teacher’s Day-Vietnam
  • Dia De La Revolucion-Mexico
  • On This Day
  • 1875 --- American writer Henry James publishes his first novel, Roderick Hudson. Earlier in the year, he had published Transatlantic Sketches, a book of travel essays, and a short-story collection titled A Passionate Pilgrim.
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  • 1913 --- The National Biscuit Co. introduced 'Mallomars', chocolate covered marshmallow cookies.
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  • 1923 --- The U.S. Patent Office grants Patent No. 1,475,074 to 46-year-old African American inventor and newspaperman Garrett Morgan for his three-position traffic signal. Though Morgan’s was not the first traffic signal (that one had been installed in London in 1868), it was an important innovation nonetheless: By having a third position besides just “Stop” and “Go,” it regulated crossing vehicles more safely than earlier signals had.
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  • 1945 --- 24 Nazi leaders went on trial before an international war crimes tribunal in Nuremberg, Germany. The Nuremberg Trials were conducted by an international tribunal made up of representatives from the United States, the Soviet Union, France, and Great Britain. It was the first trial of its kind in history, and the defendants faced charges ranging from crimes against peace, to crimes of war, to crimes against humanity. Lord Justice Geoffrey Lawrence, the British member, presided over the proceedings, which lasted 10 months and consisted of 216 court sessions.
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  • 1947 --- In a lavish wedding ceremony at Westminster Abbey in London, Princess Elizabeth marries her distant cousin, Philip Mountbatten, a dashing former prince of Greece and Denmark who renounced his titles in order to marry the English princess. Princess Elizabeth, heir to the British throne, was 21 years old. Philip Mountbatten, age 26, had fought as a British naval officer during World War II and was made the duke of Edinburgh on the eve of his wedding to Elizabeth. The celebrations surrounding the wedding of the popular princess lifted the spirits of the people of Britain, who were enduring economic difficulties in the aftermath of World War II.
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  • 1955 --- Bo Diddley opened his first appearance on Ed Sullivan with the eponymously titled song “Bo Diddley,”. This now-famous number set portions of the children’s rhyme “Mockingbird” to what is now known as “the Bo Diddley beat”—a syncopated rhythm in 4/4 time that is the foundation of such rock-and-roll classics as Buddy Holly’s “Not Fade Away” and the Stangeloves’ “I Want Candy,” among countless others. Five months before Elvis Presley would make his famous Ed Sullivan debut, Diddley’s performance gave many Americans their first exposure to rock and roll, though that term was not yet familiar to mainstream audiences. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mlcU_CpqNu4
  • 1962 --- The Cuban Missile Crisis ended. The Soviet Union removed its missiles and bombers from Cuba and the U.S. ended its blockade of the island.
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  • 1962 --- President John F. Kennedy issues Executive Order 11063, which mandates an end to discrimination in housing. The order, which came during the burgeoning Civil Rights movement, prohibited federally funded housing agencies from denying housing or funding for housing to anyone based on their race, color, creed or national origin.
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  • 1966 --- The musical "Cabaret," with music by John Kander and lyrics by Fred Ebb, opened on Broadway.
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  • 1968 --- Methane gas explosions in a West Virginia coal mine kill 78 men on this day in 1968. The damage to the mine was so extensive that it had to be sealed with the bodies of the men still inside. The Consol No. 9 mine was located about 10 miles from the town of Monongay, between Farmington and Mannington in West Virginia. It was a large mine, approximately eight miles by six miles, with untapped oil and natural gas below the coal. At midnight on November 20, the workers descended 600 feet below the earth’s surface to begin the night shift. At 5:40 a.m., a large explosion was quickly followed by three smaller ones. The blasts were so powerful that the lamphouse near the entrance to the mine was demolished.
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  • 1969 --- DDT was banned for residential use as part of a total phase out of its use in the U.S.
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  • 1969 --- Seymour Hersh, an independent investigative journalist, files a second My Lai story based on interviews with Michael Terry and Michael Bernhardt, who served under 1st Lt. William Calley during the action that was later dubbed the My Lai massacre. Also on this day, the Cleveland Plain Dealer published explicit photos of the dead at My Lai. The American public was stunned. Hersh broke the story earlier in the month, describing how soldiers from the Americal Division conducting a sweep of My Lai indiscriminately shot people as they ran from their huts, and then systematically rounded up the survivors, allegedly leading them to a ditch where they were executed per Calley’s orders.
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  • 1980 --- On Jefferson Island, Louisiana, an oil rig in Lake Pigneur pierced the top of the salt dome beneath the island. The freshwater lake completely drained within a few hours. The Delcambre Canal reversed flow and two days later the previous freshwater lake was a 1,300-foot-deep saltwater lake. 
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  • 1982 --- The Cal football team wins an improbable last-second victory over Stanford when they complete five lateral passes around members of the Cardinals’ marching band, who had wandered onto the field a bit early to celebrate the upset they were sure their team had won, and score a touchdown. After catching the last pass of the series, Cal’s Kevin Moen careened through the confused horn section and made it safely to the end zone. Then he slammed into trombone player Gary Tyrell. (A photograph from the Oakland Tribune of the jubilant Moen and the terrified Tyrell in the moment just before the collision is still displayed triumphantly all over Berkeley.)https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mfebpLfAt8g
  • 1989 --- Over 200,000 people rallied peacefully in Prague, Czechoslovakia, demanding democratic reforms.
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  • 2003 --- Singer Michael Jackson was booked on suspicion of child molestation in Santa Barbara, Calif. 
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  • 2003 --- Phil Spector, the influential, eccentric music producer who worked with a long list of performers including The Righteous Brothers, The Ronettes, Ike and Tina Turner, John Lennon and the Ramones, is indicted in the murder of actress Lana Clarkson. Spector pled not guilty to the charges. Spector was convicted of second-degree murder. He was sentenced to 19 years to life in prison in May 2009. Spector was 69 years old at the time of sentencing, and would be eligible for parole at age 88.
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  • Birthdays
  • Vice President Joe Biden
  • Robert F Kennedy
  • Kenesaw Mountain Landis
  • Edwin Hubble
  • Bo Derek
  • Sean Young
  • Chester Gould
  • Alistair Cooke
  • Kaye Ballard
  • Estelle Parsons
  • Richard Dawson
  • Dick Smothers
  • Norman Greenbaum