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Navajo Code Talkers Day-KALW Almanac-August 14, 2015


  • 226th Day of 2015 139 Remaining
  • Autumn Begins in 40 Days
  • Sunrise:6:24
  • Sunset:8:03
  • 13 Hours 39 Minutes
  • Moon Rise:6:32am
  • Moon Set:8:02pm
  • Phase:New Moon @ 7:45am
  • Full Moon August 29 @ 11:37am
  • Full Sturgeon Moon / Full Green Corn Moon
  • Full Grain Moon/Full Red Moon
  • The fishing tribes are given credit for the naming of this Moon, since sturgeon, a large fish of the Great Lakes and other major bodies of water, were most readily caught during this month. A few tribes knew it as the Full Red Moon because, as the Moon rises, it appears reddish through any sultry haze. It was also called the Green Corn Moon or Grain Moon.
  • Tides
  • High:12:15pm/11:23pm
  • Low:5:31am/5:32pm
  • Holidays
  • Navajo Code Talkers Day
  • Social Security Day
  • Color Book Day
  • National Creamsicle Day
  • National Financial Awareness Day
  • National Kool-Aid Day
  • National Wiffle Ball Day
  • World Lizard Day
  • Honey Spas-Russia
  • National Flag Day-Paraguay
  • Oued Ed-Dahab Day-Morocco
  • O-Bon (Festival of Souls)-Japan
  • Annual Pilgrimage-Montserrat
  • On This Day
  • 1765 --- A crowd in Boston gathered under a large elm tree to protest the Stamp Act. The 'Liberty Tree' became a rallying point for resistance to British rule over the American Colonies. Boston observed the 11th anniversary of the popular resistance that prevented the execution of the Stamp Act there in 1776. The celebration included the erection of a pole at the site of the original “Liberty Tree.” The Stamp Act, passed on March 22, 1765, by the British Parliament, caused uproar in the colonies over an issue that was to be a major cause of the American Revolution: taxation without representation. Enacted in November 1765, the controversial act forced colonists to buy a British stamp for every official document they obtained. The stamp displayed an image of a Tudor rose framed by the word “America” and the French phrase Honi soit qui mal y pense–“Shame to him who thinks evil of it.” The colonists, who had convened the Stamp Act Congress in October 1765 to vocalize their opposition to the impending enactment of the act, greeted the arrival of the stamps with outrage and violence. Colonial merchants called for a boycott of British goods; some went further, organizing attacks on customs houses and the homes of tax collectors. A group of Bostonians calling themselves the “Sons of Liberty” hanged an effigy of stamp distributor Andrew Oliver from a gallows they dubbed the “Liberty Tree.” They beheaded and burned the effigy, burned a building they thought to be the “Stamp Office” and invaded Oliver’s home, threatening to kill him. Oliver had already fled the premises and resigned his post rather than face further attacks. In every state except Georgia, the “stamp master” resigned under duress, making the Stamp Act impossible to implement.
  • 1784 --- On Kodiak Island, Grigory Shelikhov, a Russian fur trader, founds Three Saints Bay, the first permanent Russian settlement in Alaska. The European discovery of Alaska came in 1741, when a Russian expedition led by Danish navigator Vitus Bering sighted the Alaskan mainland. Russian hunters were soon making incursions into Alaska, and the native Aleut population suffered greatly after being exposed to foreign diseases. The Three Saints Bay colony was founded on Kodiak Island in 1784.
  • 1848 --- The Oregon Territory was established. The area included the future states of Oregon, Washington, and Idaho, and parts of Wyoming and Montana.
  • 1880 --- The Cologne Cathedral in Cologne, Germany was completed after 632 years of rebuilding. The Structure was destroyed by fire in 1248.
  • 1896 --- Gold was discovered in Canada's Yukon Territory. Within the next year more than 30,000 people rushed to the area to look for gold.
  • 1900 --- During the Boxer Rebellion, an international force featuring British, Russian, American, Japanese, French, and German troops relieves the Chinese capital of Peking after fighting its way 80 miles from the port of Tientsin. The Chinese nationalists besieging Peking’s diplomatic quarter were crushed, and the Boxer Rebellion effectively came to an end.
  • 1933 --- A devastating forest fire is sparked in the Coast Range Mountains, located in northern Oregon, 50 miles west of Portland. Raging for 11 days over some 267,000 acres, the blaze began a series of fires that struck the region at six-year intervals until 1951 that became known collectively as the Tillamook Burn. The first Tillamook Burn fire—which began around noon on August 14, 1933—was sparked in a logging operation located on the slopes above the North Fork of Gales Creek, west of the town of Forest Grove. An official investigation of the fire found that it stemmed from friction produced when loggers dragged a large Douglas-fir log across a downed tree, igniting a large amount of logging debris in the area. Weather conditions—including an unusually high temperature of 104 degrees Fahrenheit, with only 20 percent humidity—helped ignite and spread the blaze, and within an hour, the fire had destroyed 60 acres of the surrounding land.
  • 1935 --- President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs into law the Social Security Act. Press photographers snapped pictures as FDR, flanked by ranking members of Congress, signed into law the historic act, which guaranteed an income for the unemployed and retirees. FDR commended Congress for what he considered to be a “patriotic” act.
  • 1945 --- President Truman announced that Japan had surrendered unconditionally, ending World War II. An official announcement of Japan’s unconditional surrender to the Allies is made public to the Japanese people. Even though Japan’s War Council, urged by Emperor Hirohito, had already submitted a formal declaration of surrender to the Allies, via ambassadors, on August 10, fighting continued between the Japanese and the Soviets in Manchuria and between the Japanese and the United States in the South Pacific. In fact, two days after the Council agreed to surrender, a Japanese submarine sank the Oak Hill, an American landing ship, and the Thomas F. Nickel, an American destroyer, both east of Okinawa. In the afternoon of August 14, Japanese radio announced that an Imperial Proclamation was soon to be made, accepting the terms of unconditional surrender drawn up at the Potsdam Conference. That proclamation had already been recorded by the emperor. The news did not go over well, as more than 1,000 Japanese soldiers stormed the Imperial Palace in an attempt to find the proclamation and prevent its being transmitted to the Allies. Soldiers still loyal to Emperor Hirohito repulsed the attackers.
  • 1953 --- The whiffle ball was invented. Miniature versions of baseball have been played for decades, including stickball, improvised by children, using everything from rolled up socks to tennis balls. The ball most commonly used in the game was invented by David N. Mullany at his home in Fairfield, Connecticut in 1953 when he designed a ball that curved easily for his 12-year-old son. It was named when his son and his friends would refer to a strikeout as a "whiff". The classic trademarked Wiffle Ball is about the same size as a regulation baseball, but is hollow, lightweight, of resilient plastic, no more than 1/8 inch (3 mm) thick. One half is perforated with eight .75-inch (19 mm) oblong holes; the other half is non-perforated. This construction allows pitchers to throw a tremendous variety of curveballs and risers. Wiffle balls are typically packaged with a hollow, hard plastic, yellow bat that measures 32 inches (810 mm) in length and about 1.25 inches (32 mm) in diameter.
  • 1969 --- British troops arrived in Northern Ireland to intervene in sectarian violence between Protestants and Roman Catholics.
  • 1971 --- St. Louis Cardinals ace Bob Gibson throws the first no-hitter of his storied career. Gibson’s heroics helped his team sail to an 11-0 victory over the Pittsburgh Pirates.
  • 1980 --- Workers in Gdansk, Poland, seize the Lenin Shipyard and demand pay raises and the right to form a union free from communist control. The massive strike also saw the rise to prominence of labor leader Lech Walesa, who would be a key figure in bringing an end to communist rule in Poland. Gdansk had been a center of labor agitation in Poland since the 1960s. A few days after the workers had seized the shipyard, Walesa announced the formation of an organization designed to tie workers from different fields together into one labor movement, known as Solidarity. 
  • 1987 --- Mark McGwire set the record for major league home runs by a rookie when he connected for his 49th home run of the season.
  • 1994 --- Terrorist Illich Ramirez Sanchez, long known as Carlos the Jackal, is captured in Khartoum, Sudan, by French intelligence agents. Since there was no extradition treaty with Sudan, the French agents sedated and kidnapped Carlos. The Sudanese government, claiming that it had assisted in the arrest, requested that the United States remove their country from its list of nations that sponsor terrorism.
  • 1998 --- As part of a yearlong celebration of its 100th anniversary, a redesigned version of the Michelin Man–the corporate symbol of one of the world’s largest tire manufacturers, makes an appearance at the Monterey Historic Automobile Races in Monterey, California
  • 2003 --- A major outage knocked out power across the eastern United States and parts of Canada. Beginning at 4:10 p.m. ET, 21 power plants shut down in just three minutes. Fifty million people were affected, including residents of New York, Cleveland and Detroit, as well as Toronto and Ottawa, Canada. In New York City, it took more than two hours for passengers to be evacuated from stalled subway trains. Small business owners were affected when they lost expensive refrigerated stock. The loss of use of electric water pumps interrupted water service in many areas. There were even some reports of people being stranded mid-ride on amusement park roller coasters.
  • Birthdays
  • John Brodie
  • Halle Berry
  • Ernest Thayer
  • Marcia Gay Harden
  • Buddy Greco
  • Susan Olson
  • David Crosby
  • Sarah Brightman
  • Steve Martin
  • Gary Larson
  • Earvin Magic Johnson
  • Tim Tebow