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Friday August 22, 2014

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  • 234th Day of the Year / 131 Remaining
  • Autumn Begins in 31 Days

  • Sunrise:6:32
  • Sunset:7:52
  • 13 Hours 20 Minutes

  • Moon Rise:4:00am
  • Moon Set:6:05pm
  • Moon’s Phase 7%
  • Full Moon September 8 @ 6:38pm
  • Full Corn Moon
  • Full Harvest Moon

This full moon’s name is attributed to Native Americans because it marked when corn was supposed to be harvested. Most often, the September full moon is actually the Harvest Moon, which is the full Moon that occurs closest to the autumn equinox. In two years out of three, the Harvest Moon comes in September, but in some years it occurs in October. At the peak of harvest, farmers can work late into the night by the light of this Moon. Usually the full Moon rises an average of 50 minutes later each night, but for the few nights around the Harvest Moon, the Moon seems to rise at nearly the same time each night: just 25 to 30 minutes later across the U.S., and only 10 to 20 minutes later for much of Canada and Europe. Corn, pumpkins, squash, beans, and wild rice the chief Indian staples are now ready for gathering.

  • Tides
  • High Tide:10:37am/9:32pm
  • Low Tide:3:52am/3:44pm

  • Holidays
  • Be An Angel Day
  • National Pecan Torte Day
  • National Tooth Fairy Day
  • Hug Your Boss Day

  • National Flag Day-Russia
  • Hoodie Hoo Day-Southern Hemisphere

  • On This Day
  • 1485 --- In the last major battle of the War of the Roses, King Richard III is defeated and killed at the Battle of Bosworth Field by 
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    Henry Tudor, the earl of Richmond. After the battle, the royal crown, which Richard had worn into the fray, was picked out of a bush and placed on Henry's head. His crowning as King Henry VII inaugurated the rule of the house of Tudor over England, a dynasty that would last until Queen Elizabeth's death in 1603.
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  • 1762 --- Ann Franklin became the editor of the Mercury of Newport in Rhode Island. She was the first female editor of an American newspaper.

  • 1770 --- Australia was claimed under the British crown when Captain James Cook landed there. 

  • 1851 --- The U.S.-built schooner America bests a fleet of Britain's finest ships in a race around England's Isle of Wight. The ornate silver trophy won by the America was later donated to the New York 
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    Yacht Club on condition that it be forever placed in international competition. Today, the "America's Cup" is the world's oldest continually contested sporting trophy and represents the pinnacle of international sailing yacht competition.

  • 1864 --- The Geneva Convention of 1864 for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick of Armies in the Field is adopted by 12 nations meeting in Geneva. The agreement, advocated by Swiss humanitarian Jean-Henri Dunant, called for 
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    nonpartisan care to the sick and wounded in times of war and provided for the neutrality of medical personnel. It also proposed the use of an international emblem to mark medical personnel and supplies. In honor of Dunant's nationality, a red cross on a white background--the Swiss flag in reverse--was chosen. In 1901, Dunant was awarded the first Nobel Peace Prize.

  • 1865 --- William Sheppard of New York City received a patent for liquid soap.

  • 1902 --- President Theodore Roosevelt became the first United States chief executive to ride in an automobile in public.

  • 1906 --- The Victor Talking Machine Company of Camden, New Jersey began to manufacture the Victrola (record player). The hand-cranked unit, with horn cabinet, sold for $200. Records sold separately.
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  • 1911 --- It was announced that Leonardo da Vinci's "Mona Lisa" had been stolen from the Louvre Museum in Paris. The painting reappeared two years later in Italy. 

  • 1938 --- Count Basie recorded "Jumpin’ at the Woodside." 
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  • 1938 --- Hollywood’s most famous dancing duo, Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers, are featured on the cover of Life magazine, offering readers a graceful vision at a time when America is in the grips of the Great Depression.
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  • 1939 --- The first U.S. patent was issued for a disposable whipped cream aerosol container.  Julius S. Kahn's patent was titled "An Apparatus for Mixing a Liquid with a Gas"and was specifically concerned with making whipped cream, using a ordinary soda bottle.

  • 1950 --- Officials of the United States Lawn Tennis Association (USLTA) accept Althea Gibson into their annual championship at Forest Hills, New York, making her the first African-American player to compete in a U.S. national tennis competition.
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  • 1951 --- The largest crowd to see a basketball game to that time -- 75,052 -- looked on as the Harlem Globetrotters performed before a non-paying crowd in Berlin’s Olympic Stadium.
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  • 1964 --- Martha & The Vandellas' "Dancing In The Streets" was released.
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  • 1964 --- The Supremes' "Where Did Our Love Go" hit number-one on the Billboard Hot 100 pop singles chart. It was their first number-one single.
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  • 1968 --- In the streets of Prague and in the United Nations headquarters in New York City, Czechs protest against the Soviet invasion of their nation. The protests served to highlight the brutality of the Soviet action and to rally worldwide condemnation of the 
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    Soviet Union. Thousands of Czechs gathered in central Prague to protest the Soviet action and demand the withdrawal of foreign troops. Although it was designed to be a peaceful protest, violence often flared and several protesters were killed on August 22 and in the days to come. At the United Nations, the Czech delegation passionately declared that the Soviet invasion was illegal and threatened the sovereignty of their nation. They called on the U.N.'s 
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    Security Council to take action. The Council voted 10 to 2 to condemn Russia's invasion; predictably, the Soviet Union vetoed the resolution.

  • 1969 --- Despite the impression one might get from movies and television, the actual soundtrack of late 1960’s America was not utterly monopolized by darlings of the counterculture. Hollywood has certainly conditioned us to expect a song by Jimi Hendrix, the Jefferson Airplane, Creedence Clearwater Revival or Buffalo Springfield every time we see footage of hippies in the Haight-Ashbury or helicopters in the skies over Vietnam. In fact, when half a million kids piled into their cars for the long drive home from Woodstock, the song that was likely playing when they clicked on their AM radios wasn't "Purple Haze," "White Rabbit," "Run Through The Jungle" or "For What It's Worth." It was probably "In The Year 2525 (Exordium & Terminus)"by Zager and Evans—the monumental 
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    smash hit that ruled the charts and airwaves for nearly that entire summer before finally ending its run at #1 on August 22, 1969.

  • 1970 --- Derek and the Dominoes began work on their first and only studio album, "Layla and Other Assorted Love Songs." 
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  • 1986 --- Kerr-McGee Corp. agreed to pay the estate of Karen Silkwood $1.38 million, settling a 10-year-old nuclear contamination lawsuit.

  • 1989 --- Nolan Ryan of the Texas Rangers fanned Rickey Henderson of the Oakland Athletics to become the first pitcher to 
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    strike out 5,000 batters. Ryan’s accomplishment prompted a one-minute, 25-second standing ovation from the sellout crowd of 42,869 at Arlington Stadium in Arlington, Texas.
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  • 1991 --- Mikhail S. Gorbachev returned to Moscow after the collapse of the hard-liners' coup. On the same day he purged the men that had tried to oust him. 
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  • 1992 --- Hurricane Andrew hits the Bahamas. There and in South Florida, where it arrived two days later, the storm was responsible for the deaths of 26 people and an estimated $35 billion in property damage. Hurricane Andrew was so concentrated that it resembled a tornado in its effects.
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  • 1992 --- In the second day of a standoff at Randy Weaver's remote northern Idaho cabin, FBI sharpshooter Lon Horiuchi wounds Randy Weaver, Kevin Harrison, and kills Weaver's wife, Vicki. Randy Weaver, a white separatist, had been targeted by the federal government after failing to appear in court to face charges related to his selling of two illegal sawed-off shotguns to an Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATF) informant. On August 21, 1992, after a period of surveillance, U.S. marshals came upon Harrison; Weaver; Weaver's 14-year-old son, 
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    Sammy; and the family dog, Striker, on a road near the Weaver property. A marshal shot and killed the dog, prompting Sammy to fire at the marshal. In the ensuing gun battle, Sammy and U.S. Marshal Michael Degan were shot and killed. A tense standoff ensued, and on August 22 the FBI joined the marshals besieging Ruby Ridge. Later that day, Harris, Weaver, and his daughter, Sarah, left the cabin, allegedly for the purpose of preparing Sammy's body for burial. FBI sharpshooter Lon Horiuchi, waiting 
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    200 yards away, opened fire, allegedly because he thought Harrison was armed and intending to fire on a helicopter in the vicinity. Horiuchi wounded Weaver, and the group ran to the shed where Sammy's body was lying. When they attempted to escape back into the cabin, Horiuchi fired again, wounding Harrison as he dove through the door and killing Vicki Weaver, who was holding the door open with one hand and cradling her infant daughter with the other. Horiuchi claimed he didn't know that Vicki Weaver was standing behind the door. Harris, Weaver, and Weaver's three daughters surrendered nine days later.

  • 2004 --- In Oslo, Norway, a version of Edvard Munch's "The Scream" and his work "Madonna" were stolen from the Munch Museum. This 
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    version of "The Scream," one of four different versions, was a tempera painting on board. 
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  • Birthdays
  • Dorothy Parker
  • Ray Bradbury
  • Deng Xiaoping
  • Kristen Wiig
  • Carl Yastrzemski
  • Morton Dean
  • Annie Proulx
  • Cindy Williams
  • Vernon Reid
  • Tori Amos
  • Mats Wilander
  • Claude Debussy
  • George Herriman (Krazy Kat)
  • Leni Riefenstahl
  • Diana Sands
  • Valerie Harper