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Thursday August 21, 2014

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  • 233rd Day of the Year / 132 Remaining
  • Autumn Begins in 32 Days

  • Sunrise:6:31
  • Sunset:7:53
  • 13 Hours 22 Minutes

  • Moon Rise:3:07am
  • Moon Set:5:26pm
  • Moon’s Phase 13%
  • Full Moon September 8 @ 6:38pmm
  • Full Corn Moon
  • Full Harvest Moon

This full moon’s name is attributed to Native Americans because it marked when corn was supposed to be harvested. Most often, the September full moon is actually the Harvest Moon, which is the full Moon that occurs closest to the autumn equinox. In two years out of three, the Harvest Moon comes in September, but in some years it occurs in October. At the peak of harvest, farmers can work late into the night by the light of this Moon. Usually the full Moon rises an average of 50 minutes later each night, but for the few nights around the Harvest Moon, the Moon seems to rise at nearly the same time each night: just 25 to 30 minutes later across the U.S., and only 10 to 20 minutes later for much of Canada and Europe. Corn, pumpkins, squash, beans, and wild rice the chief Indian staples are now ready for gathering.

  • Tides
  • High Tide:9:58am/8:48pm
  • Low Tide:3:12am/2:58pm

  • Holidays
  • Poet’s Day
  • Admission Day-Hawai’i
  • Spumoni Day
  • Senior Citizen’s Day

  • Surströmingspremiären-Sweden (Sour Herring Premiere. By ordinance, the year's supply of sour herring may begin to be sold.)

  • On This Day
  • 1680 --- The Pueblo Indians drove the Spanish out and took possession of Santa Fe, New Mexico. 

  • 1831 --- Nat Turner launches a slave insurrection in Southampton County, Virginia. Turner and seven followers, he killed Joseph Travis, his slave owner, and Travis' family, and then set off across the countryside, hoping to rally hundreds of slaves to his insurrection en route to Jerusalem. During the next two days and nights, Turner and 
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    75 followers rampaged through Southampton County, killing about 60 whites. Local whites resisted the rebels, and then the state militia--consisting of some 3,000 men--crushed the rebellion. Turner himself was not captured until the end of October, and after confessing without regret to his role in the bloodshed, he was tried, convicted, and sentenced to death. Turner's rebellion was the largest slave revolt in U.S. history and led to a new wave of oppressive legislation prohibiting the movement, assembly, and education of slaves.

  • 1841 --- A patent for venetian blinds was issued to John Hampton. 

  • 1858 --- Senator Stephen Douglas of Illinois and Abraham Lincoln, a Kentucky-born lawyer and one-time U.S. representative from 
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    Illinois, begin a series of famous public encounters on the issue of slavery. The two politicians were competing for Douglas' U.S. Senate seat.

  • 1878 --- The American Bar Association was formed by a group of lawyers, judges and law professors in Saratoga, NY. 

  • 1888 --- William Burroughs of St. Louis patented his adding machine. It was an invention that bore the name of Burrough’s office machine company for many years.
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  • 1911 --- An amateur painter sets up his easel near Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa at the Louvre in Paris, only to discover that the masterpiece is missing. The day before, in perhaps the most brazen art theft of all time, Vincenzo Perugia had walked into the Louvre, 
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    removed the famed painting from the wall, hid it beneath his clothes, and escaped. While the entire nation of France was stunned, theories abounded as to what could have happened to the invaluable artwork. Most believed that professional thieves could not have been involved because they would have realized that it would be too dangerous to try to sell the world's most famous painting.

  • 1912 --- The first boy reached the rank of Eagle Scout, the highest rank in the Boy Scouts of America program. He was Arthur R. Eldred of Oceanside, NY.

  • 1935 --- The sound of swing, which utterly dominated the American popular-music scene in the late 1930s and early 1940s, instantly evokes images of tuxedo-clad Big Bands and dance floors crowded with exuberant jitterbugs dancing the Shag and the Lindy Hop. At 
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    the Palomar Ballroom in Los Angeles, Benny Goodman and his band emphatically opened the Swing Era with an exuberant performance witnessed by thousands of young fans in the live audience and millions more tuning in to a live radio broadcast.

  • 1938 --- The classic song "Ain't Misbehavin'" was recorded by Fats Waller.
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  • 1950 --- The United Nations moved into its new permanent facilities in New York City -- on land donated by the Rockefeller family.
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  • 1959 --- Hawai’i finally became the 50th state of the United States of America. Oahu is the home of the state capital, Honolulu, and about 75% of the state’s population. Although flowers like orchids, plumeria, pikake, tuberose, gardenia, anthurium, birds of paradise, ginger and protea bloom year round, Hawaii calls the hibiscus its state flower, specifically, the yellow hibiscus. There are many creatures that are only found on Hawaiian soil or in its 
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    turquoise-blue ocean waters, but it’s the nene or Hawaiian goose that holds the title of state bird. Hawaii is also unusual in that it has no snakes (or billboards). It does, however, have a state fish: the humuhumunukunukuapua’a. It’s not really that hard to pronounce ... try it this way: humu-humu-nuku-nuku-a-pua-a. . The state motto of Hawai’i is: Ua mau ke ea o ka aina i ka pono. = The life of the land is perpetuated in righteousness.

  • 1961 --- Country singer Patsy Cline recorded the Willie Nelson song "Crazy" in Nashville for Decca Records.
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  • 1961 --- Jomo Kenyatta, leader of the Kenyan independence movement, is released by British colonial authorities 
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    after nearly nine years of imprisonment and detention. Two years later, Kenya achieved independence and Kenyatta became prime minister. Once portrayed as a menacing symbol of African nationalism, he brought stability to the country and defended Western interests during his 15 years as Kenyan leader.

  • 1971 --- Laura Baugh, at the age of 16, won the United States Women's Amateur Golf tournament. She was the youngest winner in the history of the tournament. 
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  • 1971 --- Antiwar protestors associated with the Catholic Left raid draft offices in Buffalo, New York, and Camden, New Jersey, to confiscate and destroy draft records. The FBI and local police arrested 25 protestors.
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  • 1980 --- Linda Rondstadt made her debut on Broadway. The production was Gilbert & Sullivan's "The Pirates of Penzance." 
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  • 1983 --- Philippine opposition leader Benigno S. Aquino Jr., ending a self-imposed exile in the United States, was shot dead moments after stepping off a plane at Manila International Airport.
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  • 1984 --- Victoria Roche was the first girl to compete in a Little League World Series game. The reserve outfielder from Belgium played in the annual event held in Williamsport, PA.
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  • 1986 --- The Boston Red Sox made history against the Cleveland Indians. The Red Sox whipped the Indians 24-5 in the worst loss in the Tribe’s 85-year history. Greg Swindell made his major-league debut on the mound for the Indians. Dennis ‘Oil Can’ Boyd got a 17-run lead for Boston and, luckily, held on for the win.

  • 1986 --- An eruption of lethal gas from Lake Nyos in Cameroon kills nearly 2,000 people and wipes out four villages on this day in 1986. Carbon dioxide, though ubiquitous in Earth's atmosphere, can be deadly in large quantities, as was evident in this disaster.
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  • 1987 --- Sgt. Clayton Lonetree, the first Marine ever court-martialed for spying, was convicted in Quantico, Va., of passing secrets to the KGB.
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  • 1988 --- More than 1,000 people were killed in an earthquake at Bihar, India, the Himalayan region and Nepal. Registering 6.6 on the Ritcher scale, it killed more than 850 people and left 15,000 injured.
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  • 1991 --- Just three days after it began, the coup against Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev collapses. Despite his success in avoiding 
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    removal from office, Gorbachev's days in power were numbered. The Soviet Union would soon cease to exist as a nation and as a Cold War threat to the United States.

  • 1992 --- An 11-day siege began at the cabin of white separatist Randy Weaver in Ruby Ridge, Idaho, as government agents tried to arrest him for failing to appear in court on charges of selling two illegal sawed-off shotguns.
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  • 1993 --- NASA lost contact with the Mars Observer spacecraft. The fate of the spacecraft was unknown. The mission cost $980 million. 
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  • 1998 --- Pubs are allowed to stay open 12 hours each day (except Sunday) in the U.K.

  • 1997 --- Hudson Foods Inc. closed a plant in Nebraska after it had recalled 25 million pounds of ground beef that was potentially contaminated with E. coli 01557:H7. It was the largest food recall in U.S. history. 

  • 1997 --- Cicely Tyson received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. 
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  • 2009 --- Leaders of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America voted to lift a ban that prohibited sexually active gays and lesbians from serving as ministers.

  • Birthdays
  • Joe Strummer
  • William “Count” Basie
  • Melvin Van Peebles
  • Kenny Rogers
  • Clarence Williams III
  • Jackie DeShannon
  • Margaret Chan
  • Carrie-Anne Moss
  • Friz Freleng
  • Princess Margaret
  • Wilt Chamberlain
  • Kim Sledge
  • Christopher Robin Milne