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Tuesday July 29, 2014

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  • 210th Day of the Year / 155 Remaining
  • Autumn Begins in 55 Days

  • Sunrise:6:11
  • Sunset:8:20
  • 14 Hours 9 Minutes

  • Moon Rise:8:48am
  • Moon Set:9:41pm
  • Moon’s Phase 15%
  • Full Moon August 10 @ 11:10am
  • Full Sturgeon Moon

The fishing tribes are given credit for the naming of this Moon, since sturgeon, a large fish of the Great Lakes and other major bodies of water, were most readily caught during this month. A few tribes knew it as the Full Red Moon because, as the Moon rises, it appears reddish through any sultry haze. It was also called the Green Corn Moon or Grain Moon.

  • Tides
  • High Tide:12:17am/1:47pm
  • Low Tide:7:00am/7:16pm

  • Holidays
  • National Lasagne Day
  • Chicken Wing Day-Buffalo

  • Aymaraes-Peru
  • Father’s Day-Dominican Republic
  • Olavsoka Day-Faroe Islands=
  • Maitresse Silverine-Haiti

  • On This Day
  • 1588 --- Off the coast of Gravelines, France, Spain's so-called "Invincible Armada" is defeated by an English naval force under the command of Lord Charles Howard and Sir Francis Drake. After eight 
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    hours of furious fighting, a change in wind direction prompted the Spanish to break off from the battle and retreat toward the North Sea. Its hopes of invasion crushed, the remnants of the Spanish Armada began a long and difficult journey back to Spain.

  • 1754 --- The first international boxing match was held -- in Harlston, England. Jack Slack, the champion from Great Britain, knocked out the French challenger, Jean Petit.

  • 1778 --- French Vice-Admiral Count d'Estaing establishes contact with the Continental Army, which is waiting for his help to retake Rhode Island. Following the Franco-American treaty of alliance signed the previous February, Americans expected a rapid defeat of the British. D'Estaing, a French naval commander, departed Toulon, France, in 1778, with a fleet of 12 ships-of-the-line and 4 frigates, with which he intended to help the Patriots.

  • 1786 --- "The Pittsburgh Gazette" became the first newspaper west of the Alleghenies to be published. The paper's name was later changed to "The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette." 

  • 1848 --- At the height of the Potato Famine in Ireland, an abortive nationalist revolt against English rule is crushed by a government police detachment in Tipperary. In a brief skirmish in a cabbage 
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    patch, Irish nationalists under William Smith O'Brien were overcome and arrested. The nationalists, members of the Young Ireland movement, had planned to declare an independent Irish republic, but they lacked support from the Irish peasantry, who were occupied entirely with surviving the famine.

  • 1862 --- Confederate spy Marie Isabella "Belle" Boyd is arrested by Union troops and detained at the Old Capitol Prison in Washington D.C. It was the first of three arrests for this skilled spy who provided crucial information to the Confederates during the war.
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  • 1890 --- Artist Vincent van Gogh died of a self-inflicted gunshot wound in Auvers, France, at age 37.

  • 1900 --- In Monza, Italy, King Umberto I is shot to death by Gaetano Bresci, an Italian-born anarchist who resided in America before returning to his homeland to murder the king.
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  • 1914 --- Transcontinental telephone service began with the first phone conversation between New York and San Francisco.

  • 1940 --- John Sigmund of St. Louis completed a 292-mile swim down the Mississippi River. The swim from St. Louis to Caruthersville, MO took him 89 hours and 48 minutes. 

  • 1945 --- Near Leyte Gulf, the U.S. heavy cruiser Indianapolis was torpedoed and sunk by a Japanese submarine. Of the crew of 1,199 men, only 316 survived. Several days earlier, the Indianapolis had delivered the makings for the first atomic bomb to Tinian Island.

  • 1950 --- RKO pictures released the Walt Disney adaptation of the Robert Louis Stevenson literary classic,Treasure Island.
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  • 1957 --- Jack Paar began a successful five-year run as host of the Tonight show on NBC-TV, changing its name to The Jack Paar Tonight Show.  Jack Paar came to NBC from the competition over at CBS where he had been a game and talk-show host. Paar’s forte was interviewing. He would get so involved with his guests and 
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    their stories that he would not only laugh with them, but would sometimes, even cry. Paar’s emotional outbursts, whether they involved an interviewee, a personal crusade or a feud with the likes of Ed Sullivan or Dorothy Kilgallen, became the major attraction of the show. Jose Melis and his orchestra stayed with Paar through the years as did his sidekick and announcer, Hugh Downs.

  • 1958 --- Congress passes legislation establishing the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), a civilian agency responsible for coordinating America's activities in space. NASA has since sponsored space expeditions, both human and mechanical, that have yielded vital information about the solar system and universe. It has also launched numerous earth-orbiting satellites that have been instrumental in everything from weather forecasting to navigation to global communications.

  • 1959 --- The Isley Brothers recorded "Shout." 
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  • 1965 --- England’s Princess Margaret attended the premiere of the motion picture, Help!, starring The Beatles. The command performance was held at the London Pavilion. The film later earned first prize at the Rio De Janeiro Film Festival in Brazil.
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  • 1966 --- Bob Dylan was seriously injured when he crashed his motorcycle near Woodstock, NY. 
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  • 1967 --- The Doors have their first bona fide smash "Light My Fire," which earned the top spot in the Billboard Hot 100. The song transformed The Doors from cult favorites of the rock cognoscenti into international pop stars and avatars of the 60's counterculture.
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  • 1967 --- A fire on a Navy carrier stationed off the coast of Vietnam kills 134 service members. The deadly fire on the USS Forrestal began with the accidental launch of a rocket. During the war the USS Forrestal was often stationed off the coast of North Vietnam, conducting combat operations. On the morning of July 29, the ship was preparing to attack when a rocket from one of its own F-4 Phantom jet fighters was accidentally launched. The rocket streaked across the deck and hit a parked A-4 Skyhawk jet. The Skyhawk, which was waiting to take off. Fuel from the Skyhawk spilled out and caught fire. The fire then spread to nearby planes on the ship's deck and detonated a 1,000-pound bomb, which killed many of the initial firefighters and further spread the fire. A chain reaction of explosions blew holes in the flight deck and had half the large ship on fire at one point. Many pilots were trapped in their planes as the fire spread. It took a full day before the fires could be fully contained.
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  • 1976 --- The so-called "Son of Sam" pulls a gun from a paper bag and fires five shots at Donna Lauria and Jody Valenti of the Bronx while they are sitting in a car, talking. Lauria died and Valenti was seriously wounded in the first in a series of shootings by the serial killer, who terrorized New York City over the course of the next year.
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  • 1993 --- The Israeli Supreme Court acquitted retired Ohio autoworker John Demjanjuk of being Nazi death camp guard "Ivan the Terrible." His death sentence was thrown out and he was set free.
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  • 1996 --- Track and field legend Carl Lewis wins his fourth consecutive Olympic gold medal in the long jump. It was the ninth and final Olympic gold of his storied career.
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  • 2005 --- Astronomers announced that they had discovered a new planet Enis (originally called Xena) larger than Pluto in orbit around the sun. Eris (minor planet desination 136199 Eris) is the most massive known dwarf planet in the Solar System and the ninth most massive body known to directly orbit the Sun. It is estimated to be 2,326 (±12) km in diameter, and 27% more massive than Pluto,  or about 0.27% of the Earth's mass.
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  • 2008 --- Sen. Ted Stevens, R-Alaska, was indicted on seven felony counts of concealing more than a quarter of a million dollars in house renovations and gifts he had received from a powerful oil contractor.
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  • Birthdays
  • Dag Hammerskjold
  • Wil Wheaton
  • Ken Burns
  • Sen Nancy Kesselbaum
  • Marilyn Quayle
  • Patti Scialfa
  • Danger Mouse
  • Theda Bara
  • Benito Mussolini
  • Clara Bow
  • Melvin Belli