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Friday June 13, 2014

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  • 164th Day of 2014 / 201 Remaining
  • Summer Begins in 8 Days

  • Sunrise:5:47
  • Sunset:8:32
  • 14 Hours 45 Minutes of Daylight

  • Moon Rise:9:10pm
  • Moon Set:6:31am
  • Moon’s Phase: 99 %

  • Full Moon
  • June 12 @ 4:26 am
  • Full Rose Moon
  • Full Strawberry Moon
  • Strawberry Moon was universal to every Algonquin tribe. However, in Europe they called it the Rose Moon. Also because the relatively short season for harvesting strawberries comes each year during the month of June . . . so the full Moon that occurs during that month was christened for the strawberry!
  • Tides
  • High:12:43pm/11:31pm
  • Low:5:43am/5:30pm

  • Holidays
  • Friday the 13th
  •  
  • Commemoration Day-Kyrgyzstan
  • Vincent’s Day-Germany

  • On This Day In …
  • 1381 --- During the Peasants' Revolt, a large mob of English peasants led by Wat Tyler marches into London and begins burning and looting the city. Several government buildings were destroyed, prisoners were released, and a judge was beheaded along with several dozen other leading citizens. The Peasants' Revolt had its 
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    origins in a severe manifestation of bubonic plague in the late 1340s, which killed nearly a third of the population of England. In 1380, peasant discontent reached a breaking point when Parliament restricted voting rights through an increase of the poll tax, and the Peasants' Revolt began.

  • 1415 --- Henry the Navigator, the prince of Portugal, embarked on an expedition to Africa. 

  • 1777 --- A 19-year-old French aristocrat, Marie-Joseph Paul Roch Yves Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, arrives in South Carolina with the intent to serve as General George Washington's 
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    second-in-command. Silas Deane, during his service as the Continental Congress envoy to France, had, on December 7, 1776, struck an agreement with Johann de Kalb and Lafayette to offer their military expertise to the American cause. However, Deane was replaced with Benjamin Franklin and Arthur Lee, who were unenthused by the proposal. Meanwhile, King Louis XVI feared angering Britain and prohibited Lafayette's departure. The British ambassador to the French court at Versailles demanded the seizure of Lafayette's ship, which resulted in Lafayette's arrest. Lafayette, though, managed to escape, set sail and elude two British ships dispatched to recapture him. Following his safe arrival in South Carolina, Lafayette traveled to Philadelphia. Although Lafayette's youth made Congress reluctant to promote him over more experienced colonial officers, the young Frenchman's willingness to volunteer his services without pay won their respect and Lafayette a commission as major-general on July 31, 1777.

  • 1789 --- Mrs. Alexander Hamilton served a new dessert treat for General George Washington. The highlight of the dinner party was ice cream!

  • 1805 --- Having hurried ahead of the main body of the expedition, Meriwether Lewis and four men arrive at the Great Falls of the Missouri River, confirming that the explorers are headed in the right direction.

  • 1866 --- The 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was passed by the U.S. Congress. It was ratified on July 9, 1868. The amendment was designed to grant citizenship to and protect the civil liberties of recently freed slaves.

  • 1888 --- The U.S. Congress created the Department of Labor. 

  • 1893 --- The first Ladies’ British Amateur golf championship was sponsored by the Ladies Golf Union. The match took place at St. Anne’s, a new course in Lancashire.
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  • 1900 --- China's Boxer Rebellion against foreigners and Chinese Christians erupted.

  • 1905 --- Christy Matthewson of the New York Giants throws the second no-hitter of his career to lead his Giants to a 1-0 win over the powerful Chicago Cubs.
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  • 1920 --- The U.S. Post Office Department ruled that children may not be sent by parcel post. 

  • 1922 --- Charlie Osborne started the longest attack on hiccups. He hiccuped over 435 million times before stopping. He died in 1991, 11 months after his hiccups ended.

  • 1927 --- Charles Lindbergh was honored with a ticker-tape parade in New York City. And on that day,for the first time, an American Flag was displayed from the right hand of the Statue of Liberty. 
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  • 1940 --- The Boston Red Sox and the Chicago Cubs were the first two major-league baseball teams to play at Doubleday Field at Cooperstown, NY in the Hall of Fame Game.

  • 1940 --- Paris was evacuated before the German advance on the city.

  • 1948 --- Uniform #3, belonging to Babe Ruth, was retired at farewell ceremonies for the Babe. The touching ceremony at Yankee Stadium came just two months before the baseball legend passed away.
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  • 1949 --- Bao Dai entered Saigon to rule Vietnam. He had been installed by the French. 
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  • 1958 --- Frank Zappa graduated from Antelope Valley High in Lancaster, CA.
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  • 1966 --- Supreme Court hands down its decision in Miranda v. Arizona, establishing the principle that all criminal suspects must be advised of their rights before interrogation. Now considered standard police procedure, "You have the right to remain silent. Anything you say can, and will, be used against you in court of law. You have the right to an attorney. If you cannot afford one, one will be appointed to you," has been heard so many times in television and film dramas that it has become almost cliche.

  • 1967 --- President Lyndon Johnson appoints U.S. Court of Appeals Judge Thurgood Marshall to fill the seat of retiring Supreme Court Associate Justice Tom C. Clark, making him the first African American in history to sit on America's highest court.
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  • 1971 --- The New York Times begins to publish sections of the so-called “Pentagon Papers," a top-secret Department of Defense study of America's involvement in the Vietnam War. The papers indicated that the American government had been lying to the people for years about the Vietnam War and the papers seriously damaged the credibility of America's Cold War foreign policy. The 
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    brutal, costly, and seemingly endless Vietnam War had already damaged the government's credibility, and the publication of the "Pentagon Papers" showed people the true extent to which the government had manipulated and lied to them. Some of the most dramatic examples were documents indicating that the Kennedy administration had openly encouraged and participated in the overthrow of South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem in 1963; that the CIA believed that the "domino theory" did not actually apply to Asia; and that the heavy American bombing of North Vietnam, contrary to U.S. government pronouncements about its success, was having absolutely no impact on the communists' will to continue the fight.

  • 1979 --- Sioux Indians were awarded $105 million in compensation for the U.S. seizure in 1877 of their Black Hills in South Dakota. 

  • 1983 --- The unmanned U.S. space probe Pioneer 10 became the first spacecraft to leave the solar system. It was launched in March 1972. The first up-close images of the planet Jupiter were provided by Pioneer 10
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  • 1986 --- Bishop Desmond Tutu, winner of the 1984 Nobel Prize for Peace, meets with South African President P.W. Botha to discuss the nationwide state of emergency declared by Botha in response to 
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    the anti-apartheid protests. "This is not likely to help restore law and order and peace and calm," Tutu said of the government crackdown after the meeting. "If we do have any calm, it will be very brittle, it will be superficial, it will be sullen, and at the slightest chance, it will be broken again."

  • 1988 --- The Liggett Group, a cigarette manufacturer, was found liable for a lung-cancer death. They were, however, found innocent by the federal jury of misrepresenting the risks of smoking. 

  • 1996 --- An 81-day standoff ended as 16 members of the anti-government Freemen group surrendered to the FBI and left their Montana ranch.

  • 2000 --- In Pyongyang, North Korea's leader Kim Jong Il welcomed South Korea's President Kim Dae for a three-day summit. It was the first such meeting between the leaders of North and South Korea. 
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  • 2009 --- Incumbent Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was declared the winner of a disputed Iranian presidential vote, touching off weeks of mass demonstrations.

  • Birthdays
  • Basil Rathbone
  • William Butler Yeats
  • U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon
  • Siegfried
  • Malcolm McDowell
  • Richard Thomas
  • Tim Allen
  • Luis Alvarez
  • Kat Dennings
  • Mary Kate & Ashley Olsen
  • Red Grange
  • Paul Lynde
  • Christo
  • Ally Sheedy
  • Bettina Bunge