Monday October 28, 2013
- 301st Day of 2013 / 64 Remaining
- 54 Days Until The First Day of Winter
- 10 Hours 42 Minutes of Daylight
- Moon Rise:1:36am
- Moon Set:2:54pm
- Moon’s Phase: 33 %
- The Next Full Moon
- November 17 @ 7:16am
- Full Beaver Moon
- Full Frosty Moon
This was the time to set beaver traps before the swamps froze, to ensure a supply of warm winter furs. Another interpretation suggests that the name Full Beaver Moon comes from the fact that the beavers are now actively preparing for winter. It is sometimes also referred to as the Frosty Moon.
- Statue of Liberty Day
- National Chocolate Day
- National Wild Foods Day
- Global Champagne Day
- Independence Day-Czech Republic
- Ohi Day-Greece
- On This Day In …
- 1636 --- The Massachusetts General Court provided 400 pounds to support a school or college, and so, Harvard University was founded in Cambridge, MA. It was the first school of higher education in America.
- 1793 --- Eli Whitney applied for a patent for the cotton gin.
- 1858 --- Rowland Hussey Macy opened his first New York store at Sixth Avenue and 14th Street in Manhattan.
- 1886 --- The Statue of Liberty was dedicated in New York Harbor by U.S. President Cleveland. The statue weighs 225 tons and is 152 feet tall. It was originally known as "Liberty Enlightening the World." The Statue of Liberty at Bedloe’s Island in New York Harbor is the work of French sculptor Frederic Auguste Bartholdi. He called it Liberty Enlightening the World. Bartholdi was present at the dedication presided over by U.S. President Grover Cleveland.
Inscribed on a tablet inside the pedestal of ‘Miss Liberty’ is a poem by Emma Lazarus. It describes the statue of a woman holding a book and torch. The symbol of freedom, she waits for immigrants who must pass by her on their way to Ellis Island and admission to America. It reads: “Not like the brazen giant of Greek fame, with conquering limbs astride from land to land; here at our sea-washed, sunset gates shall stand a mighty woman with a torch, whose flame is the imprisoned lightning, and her name Mother of Exiles. From her beacon-hand glows world-wide welcome; her mild eyes command the air-bridged harbor that twin cities frame. ‘Keep ancient lands, your storied pomp!’ cries she with silent lips. ‘Give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, the wretched refuse of your teeming shore. Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me, I lift my lamp beside the golden door!’”
- 1893 --- Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky conducted his first public performance of his Symphony Number Six in B minor "Pathetique."
- 1905 --- George Bernard Shaw's play Mrs. Warren's Profession, which dealt frankly with prostitution, is performed at the Garrick Theater in New York. The play, Shaw's second, had been banned in Britain. After only one performance, puritanical authorities in New York had the play closed. On October 31, the producer and players were arrested for obscenity, but a court case against the play failed to convict playwright, producer, or actors. Although some private productions were held, the show wasn't legally performed in Britain until 1926.
1919 --- Congress passes the Volstead Act over President Woodrow Wilson's veto. The Volstead Act provided for the enforcement of the 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, also known as the
Prohibition Amendment. The movement for the prohibition of alcohol began in the early 19th century, when Americans concerned about the adverse effects of drinking began forming temperance societies. By the late 19th century, these groups had become a powerful political force, campaigning on the state level and calling for national
liquor abstinence. In December 1917, the 18th Amendment, prohibiting the "manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors for beverage purposes," was passed by Congress and sent to the states for ratification. In January 1919, the 18th amendment achieved the necessary two-thirds majority of state ratification, and prohibition became the law of the land.
- 1922 --- Fascism came to Italy as Benito Mussolini took control of the government.
- 1940 --- The Greek people had much to celebrate. Their resistance and military had turned back Mussolini’s troops and Greece’s borders were closed to the Nazi supporters. This day is still celebrated throughout Greece as Ohi (No!) Day.
- 1949 --- U.S. President Harry Truman swore in Eugenie Moore Anderson as the U.S. ambassador to Denmark. Anderson was the first woman to hold the post of ambassador.
- 1950 --- Jack Benny took his well-known radio show [on radio for 20 years] to television without missing a beat. Audiences watching CBS-TV this night at 7:30 p.m. finally got to see the stingy, vain-about-his-age, Benny. There he was with his violin, ancient
Maxwell car, and his basement vault in living black and white. Eventually, TV audiences got to see Jack Benny, his wife Mary Livingstone, and his friends Eddy ‘Rochester’ Anderson, Don Wilson and Dennis Day in living color. The show lasted on TV for fifteen years!
- 1956 --- Elvis Presley's song "Love Me Tender" became the No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit. He became the first artist to follow himself into the No. 1 position. The song "Don't Be Cruel/Hound Dog" had been the No. 1 song for 11 weeks.
- 1961 --- Brian Epstein, a record store owner in London, was asked by a customer for a copy of the record, My Bonnie, by a group
known as The Silver Beatles. He didn’t have it in stock so he went to the Cavern Club to check out the group. He signed to manage them in a matter of days and renamed them The Beatles.
- 1962 --- Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev informed the United States that he had ordered the dismantling of Soviet missile bases in Cuba.
- 1965 --- The studio recording of "My World Is Empty Without You" was made by the Supremes.
- 1965 --- Workers "top out" the final section of the Gateway Arch in St. Louis, Missouri, completing construction of the nation's tallest memorial after four years of work. A graceful 603-foot high ribbon of
gleaming stainless steel, the Gateway Arch spans 630 feet at the ground and is meant to symbolically mark the gateway from the eastern United States to the West. Architect Eero Saarinen's dramatic design was chosen during a 1947 competition, and has since become a landmark famous around the world. The Gateway Arch is the most prominent feature of St. Louis's Jefferson National Expansion Memorial Park, which also includes an Underground Visitors Center featuring exhibits charting the 100-year history of America's westward expansion.
- 1976 --- John D. Erlichman, a former aide to U.S. President Richard Nixon, entered a federal prison camp in Safford, AZ, to begin serving his sentence for Watergate-related convictions.
- 1989 --- The Oakland Athletics beat the San Francisco Giants 9-6 to complete a four-game sweep of the World Series, the first World Series sweep since 1976. The A’s scored first in every game and never lost the lead once. Oakland pitcher Dave Stewart pitched two
games, won two games, struck out fourteen hitters in sixteen innings, had an earned run average of 1.69 and was named MVP. The Series will be remembered not not only for the A’s dominance, but but for the earthquake before game three that killed sixty- seven people in the San Francisco Bay area.
- 2005 --- Vice President Dick Cheney's top adviser, I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby, resigned after he was indicted on charges of obstruction of justice, perjury and making false statements in the CIA leak investigation. (Libby was convicted and sentenced to 30 months in prison. President George W. Bush commuted his sentence.)
- Evelyn Waugh
- Jonas Salk
- Auguste Escoffier
- Julia Roberts
- Joan Plowright
- Charlie Daniels
- Dennis Franz
- Bruce Jenner
- Annie Potts
- Bill Gates
- Jami Gertz
- Andy Richter
- Ben Harper
- Joaquin Phoenix
- Edith Head
- Francis Bacon
- Elsa Lanchester
- Bowie Kuhn
- Cleo Laine
- Telma Hopkins