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Wednesday October 31, 2012

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  • 305th Day of 2012 / 61 Remaining
  • 51 Days Until The First Day of Winter

  • Sunrise:7:35
  • Sunset:6:12
  • 10 Hours 37 Minutes of Daylight

  • Moon Rise: 7:29pm
  • Moon Set:9:19am
  • Moon’s Phase: 97 %

  • The Next Full Moon
  • November 28 @ 6:47 am
  • Full Beaver Moon
  • Full Frosts Moon

For both the colonists and the Algonquin tribes, this was the time to set beaver traps before the swamps froze, to ensure a supply of warm winter furs. This full Moon was also called the Frost Moon.

  • Tides
  • High: 8:00am/7:52pm
  • Low: 1:10am/2:06pm

  • Rainfall (measured July 1 – June 30)
  • This Year:1.27
  • Last Year:1.49
  • Normal To Date:1.37
  • Annual Seasonal Average:23.80

  • Holidays
  • Halloween/Hallowe'en
  • All Hallows Eve
  • Beggar's Night
  • Magic Day
  • National Knock-Knock Day
  • National UNICEF Day
  • Reformation Day
  • Trick or Treat Night
  • Admission Day-Nevada
  • National Caramel Apple Day

  • Samhain (Northern Hemisphere)Beltane(Southern Hemisphere)-Wiccan
  • National Flag Day-Ecuador
  • Chante’-Voudon

  • On This Day In …
  • 1517 --- Martin Luther posted the 95 Theses on the door of the Wittenberg Palace Church. The event marked the start of the Protestant Reformation in Germany. In his theses, Luther condemned the excesses and corruption of the Roman Catholic Church, especially the papal practice of asking payment—called "indulgences"—for the forgiveness of sins. At the time, a Dominican priest named Johann Tetzel, commissioned by the Archbishop of Mainz and Pope Leo X, was in the midst of a major fundraising campaign in Germany to finance the renovation of St. Peter's Basilica in Rome. Though Prince Frederick III the Wise had banned the sale of indulgences in Wittenberg, many church members traveled to purchase them. When they returned, they showed the pardons they had bought to Luther, claiming they no longer had to repent for their sins. Luther's frustration with this practice led him to write the 95 Theses, which were quickly snapped up, translated from Latin into German and distributed widely. A copy made its way to Rome, and efforts began to convince Luther to change his tune. He refused to keep silent, however, and in 1521 Pope Leo X formally excommunicated Luther from the Catholic Church. That same year, Luther again refused to recant his writings before the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V of Germany, who issued the famous Edict of Worms declaring Luther an outlaw and a heretic and giving permission for anyone to kill him without consequence. Protected by Prince Frederick, Luther began working on a German translation of the Bible, a task that took 10 years to complete. The term "Protestant" first appeared in 1529, when Charles V revoked a provision that allowed the ruler of each German state to choose whether they would enforce the Edict of Worms. A number of princes and other supporters of Luther issued a protest, declaring that their allegiance to God trumped their allegiance to the emperor. They became known to their opponents as Protestants; gradually this name came to apply to all who believed the Church should be reformed, even those outside Germany. By the time Luther died, of natural causes, in 1546, his revolutionary beliefs had formed the basis for the Protestant Reformation, which would over the next three centuries revolutionize Western civilization.

  • 1864 --- When conjuring up a mental image of Nevada, which entered the United States of America on this day, snow is not usually in the picture. Yet, the 36th state garnered its name from the Spanish word meaning ‘snowy’. The founding fathers must have spent a lot of time in the northern and central regions near the capital city of Carson City, and in one of today’s gambling meccas, Reno. The Silver State is also known as the entertainment and gambling capital of the United States. Nevada is the most arid state in the Union which explains why sagebrush is the state flower. The mountain bluebird, the state bird, flies over Nevada’s mountainous terrain.

  • 1892 --- The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, by Arthur Conan Doyle, is published. The book was the first collection of Holmes stories, which Conan Doyle had been publishing in magazines since 1887.

  • 1920 --- Justice Oliver Wendell Homes handed down the decision of the Supreme Court, which upheld trademark violations for The ‘Coca- Cola Company’ against 'The Koke Company of America'.

  • 1926 --- Magician Harry Houdini died of gangrene and peritonitis resulting from a ruptured appendix. Houdini (born Ehrich Weiss), the greatest escape artist in history, always managed to find his way out of handcuffs, straitjackets, padlocked boxes, even a Scotland Yard jail cell. He could walk through walls, make an elephant disappear, and escape from the Water Torture Cell (suspended headfirst into a tank of water with his ankles locked in stocks). However, Harry Houdini was unable to escape fate. His fatal destiny began on October 22, 1926 while Houdini was performing at the Princess Theater in Montreal, Canada. As he relaxed on a couch in his dressing room at the theater, Houdini was visited by a student athlete from Montreal’s McGill University. The young man asked Houdini if it was true that he could actually withstand punches to the stomach. Houdini replied in the affirmative, but before he could prepare himself for the stunt by tightening his stomach muscles, the student punched the magician several times in his mid-section. Houdini performed that night and several more, then headed for Detroit where he did one show, then collapsed and was rushed to the hospital. At the time, it was assumed that his appendix had been ruptured by the blows from the student. Current medical knowledge leads experts to believe that Houdini already had appendicitis and only thought that the blows to his stomach were the cause of his pain.

  • 1938 --- The day after his "War of the Worlds" broadcast had panicked radio listeners, Orson Welles expressed "deep regret" but also bewilderment that anyone had thought the show was real.

  • 1941 --- - Mount Rushmore was ‘completed’ this day. Actually, the money ran out. Work on the monument, honoring Presidents Washington, Jefferson, Lincoln, and Teddy Roosevelt, had begun August 10, 1927. It was dedicated March 3, 1933 although work continued. Sculptor Gutzon Borglum died in 1941 and his son, Lincoln, continued the project until funds ran out on this day. Since then , no additional carving has been done, nor is any further work (other than maintenance) on the memorial planned.

  • 1950 --- 21-year-old Earl Lloyd becomes the first African-American to play in an NBA game when he takes the court in the season opener for the Washington Capitols. Lloyd grew up in Jim Crow Virginia and went to West Virginia State, where he was the star of the school’s championship basketball team. He didn’t know he’d been drafted by the NBA until he ran into a friend on campus who told him she’d heard a rumor that he’d be moving to Washington. It turned out that the Capitols had picked him in the ninth round of the draft. Two other black players joined the NBA that season—the Celtics drafted Chuck Cooper in the second round and the New York Knicks got Nat "Sweetwater" Clifton from the Harlem Globetrotters—but the Knicks and the Celts didn’t start their seasons until November. As a result, Lloyd became a coincidental pioneer: the first black player to make his debut in the NBA.

  • 1984 --- Indira Gandhi, the prime minister of India, is assassinated in New Delhi by two of her own bodyguards. Beant Singh and Satwant Singh, both Sikhs, emptied their guns into Gandhi as she walked to her office from an adjoining bungalow. Although the two assailants immediately surrendered, they were both shot in a subsequent scuffle, and Beant died. Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister of India, attempted to forge a unified nation out of the many religious, ethnic, and cultural factions that existed under British rule until 1949. His daughter, Indira Gandhi (no relation to Mohandas Gandhi), rose to power in 1966, fighting many of the same problems as her father had. Her own political career was a roller coaster, from the highs following India's victory over Pakistan in 1971 to the lows of being thrown out of office in 1977 after declaring a state of emergency in 1975, during which time she suspended civil liberties and jailed her political opponents. Although many criticized her for being authoritarian, the majority of the population supported her because of her extensive social programs. In 1980, Gandhi became prime minister again, enjoying fairly widespread popularity. However, in June 1984, she ordered an army raid on a Sikh temple in Punjab to flush out armed Sikh extremists, setting off a series of death threats. Due to the fear of assassination, Beant Singh, her longtime bodyguard, was to be transferred because he was a Sikh. However, Gandhi personally rescinded the transfer order because she trusted him after his many years of service. Obviously, this was a fatal mistake for both of them. Satwant Singh, who survived to stand trial, was convicted in 1986 and executed in 1989. Following Gandhi's assassination, riots broke out in New Delhi. More than 1,000 innocent Sikhs were killed in indiscriminate attacks over the course of two days. Gandhi's son, Rajiv, succeeded her as prime minister.

  • 2001 --- Microsoft and the U.S. Justice Department reached a tentative agreement to settle the antitrust case against the software company.

  • Birthdays
  • Ethel Waters
  • Dale Evans
  • Norodom Sihanouk
  • Barbara Bel Geddes
  • Otis Williams (Temptations)
  • Kinky Friedman
  • Chiang Kai-shek
  • Dan Rather
  • Rob Schneider
  • Michael Landon
  • John Candy
  • Jane Pauley
  • Peter Jackson
  • Larry Mullen Jr
  • Juliette Lowe
  • Allison Budner